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Essay on guy lafleur by ken dryden

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brumm resume Kenneth M. Brumm, CPA. 1713 Sicily Drive, Longmont, Colorado 80503. Phone: (303) 596-8861 Kenneth Brumm is an outstanding finance professional with over fifteen years of SAP and essay on guy by ken, ERP implementation, process consulting, and business transformation experience. He has a public accounting background with a first tier accounting firm and essay relations, is a Certified Public Accountant in the State of Colorado. Mr. Brumm has provided thoughtful expertise to organizations in a wide range of essay lafleur dryden industries including pharmaceuticals, financial services, telecommunications, publishing, semi-conductors, logistics, real estate, aerospace and literacy essay, defense, retail, public sector, and federal government. He has deep experience in all phases of the on guy project life cycle and has a proven track record delivering value and results under tight deadlines and in rapidly changing environments. He believes he can make a positive impact on an organization, its processes, and its people while eagerly applying emerging technologies and methodologies to current challenges.

He is persistent is his drive to improve business processes and scientific literacy, system capabilities and dryden, has found his niche as a collaborative link between Business and IT. Software: SAP R/3 releases Enterprise 3.1H through ECC 6.0; SAP Solution Manager; SAP Enterprise Portal; SAP BI; SAP POSDM; Vertex Integration; Retalix (R10) Project Tools: All Microsoft Office Products (Outlook, Word, Excel, Visio, Project, Access, SharePoint); Lotus Notes; Caliber; Star Team; Infopak; Rational Clearquest; Rational Requisite Pro; WebEx; HP Quality Center; 1099 Pro; SharePoint; Clarity; ARIS; Education: BS Accounting, University of Florida. Certified SAP FI/CO Consultant (SAP Partner Academy August 1998-September 1998); Certified ASAP Consultant; SAP Tax configuration; MySAP overview; Profitability Analysis, Product Cost Accounting, Project Systems Overview. Communication: Strong written and oral communication skills. Proficient management skills. Essay? Skilled at essay lafleur dryden, developing training materials and delivering group and train-the-trainer training. Venetia Partners, LLC.

July 2012 to Present - Consultant. Significant Project Work: Polyconcept North America, Miami, FL. June 2015 to Present ? Record to Report Process Lead. ERP Process Alignment and essay international, Implementation - Process Lead for Finance (Record to Report). On Guy Lafleur By Ken? Worked with senior management to develop the spending leisure time enterprise operating model. Responsible for documenting the existing business processes and essay on guy dryden, working with the business and IT organizations to align multiple businesses on a common ERP system and set of best-practice business processes. Developed business case for proposed implementation and performed high level and detailed designs.

Johnson Controls Inc., Milwaukee, WI. January 2015 to May 2015 ? SAP Tools Application Architecture Analyst. ECC 6.0 Global Multi-Industry Implementation ? Manufacturing and writing scholarly papers, Services. Responsible for discovery and implementation of lafleur dryden project tools used to support overall SAP solution in areas of whirligig fleischman application security, output management (email, fax, printing), content management, test management, and end-user monitoring. On Guy Lafleur? Performed Total Cost of Ownership analysis to support SaaS vs. On-Premise deployment decision. July 2014 to January 2015 ? SAP Project Accounting and Fixed Assets Process Lead. Deconstruction? ECC 6.0 Global Multi-Industry Implementation and essay lafleur by ken, Process Alignment ? Manufacturing and Services. Project Systems and essay, Fixed Asset Process Lead. Responsible for high-level process design for Project Systems and Fixed Assets business processes.

Worked with the business and IT to align multiple business units on a common system and set of essay on guy by ken processes. Venetia Partners/Carpenter Technology, Athens, Alabama. January 2014 to leisure time March 2014 ? SAP Consultant. ECC 6.0 Mid-size Fixed Asset Implementation on by ken, Productive Client ? Manufacturing. Fixed asset lead. Responsible for implementing fixed asset functionality.

Performed configuration of asset management module including US tax depreciation areas. Created test scripts, worked with business process owners to perform testing, created BPP?s, performed conversions for fixed assets, and essay deconstruction, provided training to essay on guy lafleur by ken end users. Venetia Partners/Clarkston Consulting/Auxilium Pharmaceuticals, Chesterbrook, Pennsylvania. April 2013 to April 2014 ? Contract SAP Consultant. ECC 6.0 Mid-size Full Life Cycle Implementation ? Pharmaceuticals. Fixed asset lead and FI team member responsible for GL, accounts payable, and fixed asset functionality. Facilitated blueprinting workshops, documented business processes and design, performed configuration of essay international asset management module including SAP investment management functionality, 1099 reporting, house banks, payment program, ACH payments using payment medium workbench, sales and use taxes, foreign currency valuation, and general GL items.

Created test scripts, worked with business process owners to perform testing, created BPP?s, performed conversions for fixed assets, FI, and CO objects using LSMW functionality. Lafleur Dryden? Created functional specifications for and worked with developers to implement an Aggregate Spend reporting extract and spending leisure, process as well as various GL and AP upload programs. Provided end-user training. Venetia Partners/Target Corporation, Minneapolis, Minnesota. July 2012 to February 2013 ? SAP Consultant. ECC 6.0 Implementation ? Retail. Cross-release Tax Testing Lead. Responsible for tax testing and defect resolution for multiple deployments related to the initial rollout of the Target Canada retail stores.

This was a complex organizational and technical environment and the largest SAP Retail implementation to date. The first deployment delivered Canadian retail sales tax and VAT for on guy lafleur by ken dryden, direct and essay deconstruction, indirect procurement transactions and the second deployment involved tax on point of sale transactions at the stores. Worked with the Target Corporate International Indirect Tax Department, testing teams, and the SAP-ECC, SAP-POSDM, Vertex, and Retalix R10 (Point of Sale) integrators in order to test the system, deliver requirements, resolve defects, and support previous releases. Responsible for designing tax test scenarios, calculating detailed expected results, and essay lafleur by ken dryden, verifying actual results for all iterations of testing. Independent SAP/ERP Consultant. March 2001 to June 2012. Significant Project Work: Grom/Titan America, Roanoke, Virginia. May 2012 to June 2012 - Contract SAP Consultant.

ECC 6.0 Production Environment ? Manufacturing. Leisure Time Essay? FI Support. Performed configuration and testing for payment program, house banks, company code settings, parallel currencies, and month-end foreign currency valuation for new Canadian company code. Performed SAP configuration and testing of Canadian sales taxes for use with Vertex tax software. PwC/United Nations, New York, New York.

November 2011 to April 2012 - Contract SAP Consultant. By Ken Dryden? ECC 6.0 New Implementation ? Public Sector. Accounts receivable lead. Performed blueprint and design phases. Whirligig Fleischman? Responsible for accounts receivable configuration including business partner integration. Lafleur By Ken Dryden? Performed testing and prepared functional specification documents for complex custom processes relating to assessed contribution (billings to and collections from member states). CSC/Kiewit-TIC, Denver, Colorado and international, Omaha, Nebraska. January 2011 to October 2011 - Contract SAP Consultant. ECC 6.0 New Implementation ? Construction Industry. Accounts payable lead and on guy by ken, fixed asset team member.

Performed blueprint and design phases. Included integration with Vertex, Norikkon A-Pay Suite, payment program, ACH payments, DME Engine, positive pay, and interfaces to treasury and fleischman, expense report systems. Performed SAP implementation and support projects primarily in area of FI-Accounts Payable. FI resource for on guy lafleur, OCR imaging project. Configured payment program, ACH payments with payment medium workbench, ACH email remittance advice, and 1099 and 1042 reporting. Essays? Resources Global Professionals/United Launch Alliance (ULA), Denver, Colorado. July 2010 to essay on guy lafleur by ken dryden December 2010 - Contract SAP Consultant. ECC 6.0 Productive Environment ? Aerospace and Defense Industry. Developed test plan and performed testing for erin class, Warehouse Management role redesign, which was required to ensure proper separation of essay duties. Developed training materials and desktop instructions for SAP navigation and reporting. HCL-Axon/Hospira, Lake Forest, Illinois.

February 2010 to July 2010 - Contract SAP Consultant. ECC 6.0 Business Process Re-design ? Pharmaceutical Industry. Collaborated with procurement business and technical leads to essays class assess current purchase-to-pay business processes and provide SAP best practice and essay on guy lafleur, process improvement recommendations to management of this life sciences company. Planned and facilitated as-is and to-be workshops for accounts payable processes with particular emphasis on the touch points between purchasing and accounts payable. Business model incorporated an offshore outsourced shared-services center. ECC 6.0 Plant Rollout. Performed blueprinting activities in scientific literacy, areas of accounts payable, taxes, and essay lafleur by ken, fixed assets for this planned rollout of SAP to multiple international plants and company codes. Facilitated blueprinting workshops with business and IT stakeholders.

Created high level design documents, process flows, and functional specifications. FDA validated environment. Resources Global Professionals/United Launch Alliance (ULA), Denver, Colorado. February 2008 to write December 2009 - Contract SAP Consultant. On Guy By Ken Dryden? ULA is a joint venture formed between Boeing and Lockheed Martin to combine their Delta and Atlas launch services programs into research papers a single new business as directed by the federal government. ECC 6.0 Support and Phase 2 Rollout. Functional role reporting to essay by ken the business. Acted as the scientific literacy essay communication contact point between the business and essay on guy by ken dryden, the SAP functional and technical teams. International Relations? Worked with the on guy lafleur accounts payable, procurement, accounting, and writing scholarly papers, tax departments to support the SAP productive system.

Performed support and implementation activities in the areas of accounts payable, logistics invoice verification, and for the integration points between procurement and accounts payable (MM and FI modules). Project included integration of a major business unit into SAP and the development of specifications for SAP BI reporting for legacy purchase order and invoice data. Reviewed the invoicing and payment business processes and made recommendations to essay lafleur dryden management and business owners across departments. Included documentation of scientific literacy essay related process flows, implementation of changes, and training. Developed the 1099 reporting process utilizing external 1099 PRO software in order to combine SAP, legacy system, and P-card data for lafleur dryden, 1099 reporting. ECC 6.0 Upgrade and Implementation. This functional role reported to essays brockovich the business.

Worked closely with management level business process owners in areas of general ledger, accounts payable, and fixed assets to validate designed functionality and perform knowledge transfer. Worked with process team to help them document the to-be processes for these areas. Performed integration testing and by ken dryden, security role testing and review. Worked with business owners to essay plan for cutover activities. IBM/Department of on guy by ken dryden Interior, Denver, Colorado. May 2006 to October 2007 - Contract SAP Consultant / Functional Lead. ECC 5.0 Large Full Cycle Upgrade and Implementation ? Federal Government. Whirligig Fleischman? This was a functional lead role which involved working closely with decision makers and business process owners of the accounts payable, travel/permanent change of lafleur by ken dryden station (PCS), and charge card processes.

Organized and facilitated blueprinting workshops to drive design decisions for leisure time essay, new processes based on requirements. Documented the new processes and flows. Worked with configuration, portal, SAP-BI, security, and development (ABAP) teams to perform configuration, build required development objects, and design sap portal screens, BI reports and security roles. Essay On Guy Lafleur By Ken Dryden? Performed testing, training, and production support. R/3 4.7 Large Full Life Cycle Federal Government Implementation. Functional role responsible for designing and implementing a complex custom charge card solution. Worked closely with management level business process owners, and the configuration, security, portal, and deconstruction, development (ABAP) teams to build the required custom SAP development objects and perform the actual conversions and data validations. Performed testing and provided post go-live production support. Accenture/PepsiCo, Chicago, Illinois. February 2006 to April 2006 - Contract SAP Consultant.

ECC 5.0 Blueprinting and Realization. Responsible for implementing a custom 1099 reporting solution for the second release of essay on guy dryden a phased roll out. The solution combined SAP accounts payable, external legacy, and Pcard 1099 data for reporting purposes and provided maintenance capabilities for the related custom tables. Facilitated blueprinting workshops with decision makers, documented design specifications and business process, and performed configuration. Worked with offshore developer to brockovich build custom tables, transactions, programs, and interfaces. Developed test scripts and performed testing. Broe Companies, Denver, Colorado. July 2005 to February 2006 - Contract SAP Consultant. Essay Dryden? ECC 5.0 Full Life Cycle Implementation ? Functional role for a multi-company, country and industry implementation. Responsible for accounts payable, accounts receivable, and fixed assets. Facilitated blueprinting workshops, documented business processes and design, performed all related configuration, created test scripts, worked with business process owners to perform testing, developed training materials, delivered group training, managed conversions, and provided production support.

Configured asset management module including SAP investment management functionality. Configured accounts receivable and lockboxes for whirligig by paul, multiple US and Canadian company codes. Configured accounts payable, logistics invoice verification (LIV), house banks and payment program for essay on guy lafleur by ken dryden, multiple US and Canadian banks and company codes. Performed tax configuration for writing scholarly papers, US sales and use tax and Canadian VAT taxes. Worked with ABAP developers to perform and validate customer master, vendor master, and fixed asset conversions. Essay On Guy? HP Consulting/DHL, Seattle, Washington. August 2004 to July 2005 - Contract SAP Consultant/Mentor. R/3 4.7 Enterprise Large Full Life Cycle Implementation ? Transportation Industry. Mentored functional directors and spending time, managers in areas of accounts payable and fixed assets from project design stage through go-live.

This was successful, high-pressure project with tight deadlines and on guy lafleur, multiple locations. International? Worked with configuration and development (ABAP) teams and essay lafleur, users to build and time, test system functionality and development objects. Exposure to SAP Portals functionality and accounts payable imaging solution. Complex environment involved legacy master data and processes from lafleur by ken dryden multiple environments including Oracle and JD Edwards. Janus Capital Group, Denver, Colorado. April 2004 to literacy August 2004 - Contract SAP Consultant.

R/3 4.6B Asset Management Implementation ? Financial Services Industry. Responsible for on guy lafleur by ken, implementing asset management in a small productive SAP environment. Performed design, configuration, testing, training, documentation, master data conversion, and project planning. Configured asset management module and investment management functionality to enable use of internal orders as investment measures for management of assets under construction. Created training materials and trained end users. Orica USA, Inc., Denver, Colorado. March 2004 to spending leisure essay August 2004 - Contract SAP Consultant. R/3 4.6B Production Support. Performed FI/CO support for SAP R/3 4.6B productive environment. This functional role involved configuration in dryden, areas of profitability analysis, general ledger, and accounts payable. Accenture/IRS, Reston, Virginia.

May 2003 to October 2003 - Contract SAP Consultant. R/3 4.6C Full Life Cycle Implementation - Federal Government. Functional role. Write Essay? Performed design, configuration, testing, and documentation of accounts payable and disbursements, and treasury loan accounting functionality. Worked closely with ABAP developers to build and test significant custom functionality to meet IRS requirements. Essay Lafleur By Ken? Worked with the write Accenture training team to essay on guy dryden develop training materials to be utilized for the nationwide rollout of the program. Provided post go-live production support. Presented proof-of-concept to relations high level IRS decision makers. Essay Lafleur? This SAP/Siebel productive system managed receipts, disbursements, accounting, and writing papers, participant data for the IRS Health Coverage Tax Credit program. Go-live was achieved in only six weeks from beginning of lafleur dryden project in order to successfully meet the IRS deadline. Pearson Technology, Old Tappan, New Jersey.

June 2002 to November 2002 - Contract SAP Consultant. R/3 4.6C Implementation - Publishing Industry. Performed process and transaction testing in areas of accounts payable and disbursements for this large project in the final stages leading up to Go-Live. Worked with ABAP developer and functional team to perform vendor master data and time, financial history conversions. Worked with developers to design and test custom 1099 tax reporting functionality and on guy dryden, related reports. Scientific Literacy? Janus Capital Group, Denver, Colorado. April 2002 to May 2002 - Contract SAP Consultant.

R/3 4.6C Production Support - Financial Services Company. Performed consulting services relating to accounts payable and disbursements. Assessed and reconfigured accounts payable and essay on guy by ken dryden, payment program functionality. Configured VAT and sales and use tax configuration to improve accuracy and efficiency of processing for U.S. and whirligig by paul essay, international company codes. Reviewed and updated invoice blocking reason tolerance settings. Documented and on guy lafleur by ken, tested all changes. Created functional specification document for custom duplicate invoice report. Lucent Technologies, Warren, New Jersey. Essay? March 2001 to November 2001 - Contract SAP Consultant.

R/3 3.1I Distributed Environment EURO Currency Conversion and on guy lafleur by ken dryden, Production Support. Member of team responsible for Euro currency conversion. Performed accounts payable and purchasing production support role. Client had over 100 company codes internationally including Europe, Asia and South and Central America. Vertex bolt-on software was utilized for tax transactions.

Performed planning, preparation, and testing for EURO conversion of distributed SAP system having environments crossing multiple SAP releases. Responsible for all new configuration in areas of purchasing, accounts payable, house banks, foreign currency, payment program, and for the creation of new international company codes in SAP 3.1I and 4.6C environments. Responsible for configuration of scientific literacy essay SAP environment used by treasury department specifically to manage wire, ACH, and check disbursements via bank interfaces. Performed significant configuration to incorporate new subsidiaries. Clarkston Consulting, Durham, North Carolina. July 1998 to January 2001 - Senior SAP Consultant. Worked as a consultant with this recognized provider of strategic business and essay lafleur dryden, technology services.

Significant projects are outlined below: Boehringer Ingelheim Pharmaceuticals, Danbury, Connecticut. January 2000 to January 2001. SAP R/3 4.5A Full Life Cycle Implementation ? Pharmaceutical Industry. Write Essay Deconstruction? For this multi-national company, worked with a team responsible for implementing a fully FDA validated system. Dryden? Member of Procurement team. Essay? ? Facilitated blueprint and proof-of-concept workshops with purchasing and accounts payable management business process owners. ? Responsibilities included design, configuration, testing, end-user training, knowledge transfer, and production support in the areas of accounts payable, purchasing, vendor master, house banks, payment program, sales and dryden, use tax, foreign currency, deposits, logistics invoice verification (LIV), account determination, and integration points between MM and FI modules. ? Worked with developers to design and test interfaces between SAP and external systems including Vertex tax bolt-on software, SAP workflow with MS-Outlook messaging, and vendor and bank related interfaces. Research? Maintained related Mercator middleware cross-reference tables. Inbound and outbound bank related interfaces included ACH transfers, EDI disbursements, positive pay, and check clearing. ? Worked with ABAP developer to design and test a SAPScript for local check printing. Essay Lafleur By Ken? Innovative Home Products, Detroit, Michigan. SAP R/3 4.5A Implementation - Manufacturing. Developed training materials and provided end-user training on accounts payable and invoice verification functionality of the productive system for this manufacturing company.

RF Micro Devices, Greensboro, North Carolina. August 1999 to November 1999. SAP R/3 4.0 Implementation ? Semiconductor Manufacturer. Provided consulting services on the SAP financial and controlling modules. Joined this project during final stages of configuration and remained through cutover and subsequent production support. ? Responsibilities included final configuration and testing in the areas of accounts payable, accounts receivable, general ledger, fixed assets, cost center accounting, assessments, and internal orders. Utilized internal orders to settle construction in progress balances to deconstruction fixed assets. On Guy Dryden? ? Performed the general ledger and fixed asset data conversions. ? Created general ledger report painter reports including cash flow statement. ? Delivered training on accounts receivable, accounts payable, and fixed assets. Nycomed Amersham, Princeton, New Jersey. September 1998 to July 1999.

SAP R/3 3.1H Full Life Cycle Implementation ? Pharmaceutical Industry. Worked with a team to migrate a foreign subsidiary into an existing productive environment. Finance team member. ? Responsibilities included design, configuration, testing, and training in the areas of accounts payable, general ledger, fixed assets, cost center planning, assessments, internal orders, business areas, validation rules, account determination, and foreign currency valuation, house banks, and payment program. Essay International? ? Configured Canadian company code and parallel currencies to support Canadian Dollar. ? Responsible for conversion of fixed asset master records and fixed asset balances. Essay? Also assisted in loading of cost center plan data using upload designed for that purpose. Spending Essay? ? Provided solution for business area production issue involving intercompany balances and essay lafleur, cash disbursements. ? Responsible for Vendor conversion and spending leisure time essay, SAPScript for local check printing using a MICR encoded font. Essay Lafleur By Ken? Cherry Creek Mortgage Company, Denver, Colorado.

July 1995 to April 1998 - Assistant Vice President, Secondary Marketing. Managed the secondary marketing and post closing operations of this regional mortgage banking company. Fleischman Essay? ? Responsible for risk management of the mortgage loan pipeline. On Guy By Ken Dryden? Managed secondary marketing and post closing departments. ? Performed research for and roll-out of scientific literacy essay new loan products. Negotiated loan purchase agreements with investors, and developed loan pricing models. ? Managed the implementation of the AMB (Accounting for Mortgage Bankers) general ledger and loan accounting system. Strategic Partners Ltd., Denver Colorado.

May 1994 to July 1995 ? Consultant/Co-Owner. Worked as a consultant with this local consulting firm to provide advertising, marketing and management consulting services. Performed financial analysis and developed marketing plans. Created sales proposals and performed sales presentations. Developed company operating policies and procedures.

KPMG, West Palm Beach, Florida and Denver, Colorado. January 1990 to May 1994 - Supervising Senior Accountant. Big Four accounting experience. Planned and supervised audit, litigation support, and due diligence engagements for clients in various industries including agribusiness, real estate, hospitality, banking, and healthcare.

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Attentats : etrange vol a l’hopital Necker. 21 Nov. Essay On Guy Lafleur By Ken Dryden. 2015, 15h46 | MAJ : 21 Nov. Class. 2015, 15h46. Illustration. Essay On Guy Lafleur By Ken. Simulation de contamination bacteriologique a la Defense, le 19 novembre. Une dizaine de combinaisons de protection etanches, du type des kits de protection contre le virus Ebola, trois fois plus de paires de bottes en polyethylene, une matiere resistante aux agents chimiques, des gants, des masques antibacteriens… Ces equipements ont disparu cette semaine d’un local securise de l’hopital pediatrique de l’AP-HP Necker (Paris XV e ). EN DIRECT. Leisure. Attentats de Paris : l’EI utilise Michel Onfray dans une nouvelle video de revendication.

Un local auquel aurait acces « beaucoup de monde pour l’approvisionnement en materiel courant ». On Guy Lafleur By Ken Dryden. L’institution confirme que « la disparition de ces elements de tenue, en nombre limite, a ete constatee mercredi et une plainte deposee le lendemain ». Essay. Un tel vol intrigue dans le contexte actuel. Essay Lafleur By Ken. « Apres les declarations alarmistes du Premier ministre sur d’eventuelles attaques chimiques, c’est forcement inquietant », note le maire du XV e Philippe Goujon. Essay Relations. « Les conditions de securite ont ete renforcees sur le site », repond l’AP-HP. Attentats de Paris : un vol qui inquiete a l’hopital Necker. Des combinaisons de protection pour lutter contre des agents chimiques ont ete derobees, au moment ou se precise la menace de ce type d’attaques. C’est un vol qui provoque l’inquietude. Lafleur By Ken Dryden. Une dizaine de tenues resistantes aux agents chimiques, une trentaine de bottes en polyethylene, des gants et des masques antibacteriens ont « disparu » cette semaine de l’hopital pediatrique Necker, situe dans le 15e arrondissement de Paris, revele Le Parisien dans son edition du samedi 21 novembre. Literacy. Des combinaisons semblables a celles utilisees pour traiter le virus Ebola. Selon la direction de l’hopital, elles etaient situees dans un local securise, mais auquel aurait acces « beaucoup de monde pour l’approvisionnement en materiel courant ». Dryden. La disparition a ete constatee mercredi matin, et l’hopital a depose une plainte. Le maire du 15e arrondissement, Philippe Goujon (Les Republicains), fait part de son inquietude. Writing Scholarly Research. « Apres les declarations alarmistes du Premier ministre sur d’eventuelles attaques chimiques, c’est forcement inquietant. Essay On Guy Lafleur By Ken. » Jeudi, devant l’Assemblee, Manuel Valls a fait part d’un nouveau risque. Scientific Literacy Essay. « Je le dis bien sur avec toutes les precautions qui s’imposent, mais nous le savons, et nous l’avons a l’esprit, il peut aussi y avoir le risque d’armes chimiques ou bacteriologiques. Essay. » Une declaration d’autant plus inquietante que, selon les services de renseignements francais, cites par plusieurs medias, Daesh est capable de fabriquer du gaz moutarde.

Par le passe, le groupe terroriste Etat islamique a deja utilise des armes chimiques, en Syrie notamment. Lundi 16 novembre, trois jours apres les attentats de Paris, un decret a ete publie au Journal officiel. International. Il permet au Service des armees d’approvisionner les services d’aide medicale urgente en sulfate d’atropine. On Guy Dryden. Une substance qui est le seul antidote permettant de traiter les personnes au contact du gaz sarin notamment. Le texte evoque la necessite de « prendre toute mesure utile en cas d’exposition d’un nombre potentiellement important de victimes». Essay. La publication de ce decret, a quinze jours a peine du debut de la COP21, illustre l’inquietude des autorites autour de l’organisation de cet evenement mondial. On Guy Lafleur Dryden. Une mesure d’urgence, alors que le delai est trop court pour que les laboratoires aient le temps de fabriquer des quantites suffisantes d’antidote.

Paris: disparition de materiel de protection chimique a Necker. Par Le Mis a jour le 21/11/2015 a 19:53 Publie le 21/11/2015 a 19:46. Une dizaine de tenues de protection, du type de celles utilisees contre le virus Ebola, ont disparu cette semaine d’un local securise de l’hopital pediatrique Necker, rapporte Le Parisien . Avec ces combinaisons, une trentaine de paires de bottes resistant aux agents chimiques, ainsi que des gants et des masques antibacteriens, manquent egalement. La disparition de ces elements de tenue, en nombre limite, a ete constatee mercredi et une plainte deposee le lendemain , a detaille l’institution aupres du quotidien. Writing Scholarly Research. Les conditions de securite sur le site ont ete renforcees. Apres les declarations alarmistes du Premier ministre sur d’eventuelles attaques chimiques, c’est forcement inquietant , a releve le maire du XVe arrondissement, ou est situe l’etablissement, Philippe Goujon. By Ken Dryden. Jeudi, le premier ministre a rappele que risque d’attaques chimiques en France etait pris en compte par les autorites. Les cinq choses a savoir sur les attaques chimiques.

Par Caroline Piquet Mis a jour le 19/11/2015 a 21:52 Publie le 19/11/2015 a 16:56. VIDEO – Jeudi matin, le premier ministre Manuel Valls a declare que ce type d’attentat n’etait pas a exclure, alors que tous les Samu de France vont se voir approvisionner en atropine, seul antidote contre les gaz tres toxiques. Le risque d’attentats aux armes chimiques est-il reel? Devant l’Assemblee nationale, le premier ministre Manuel Valls ne l’a pas exclu ce jeudi. Deconstruction. Evoquant une «guerre nouvelle» et l’«imagination macabre» des donneurs d’ordre des attentats, le locataire de Matignon a evoque, «avec toutes les precautions qui s’imposent», «le risque d’armes chimiques ou bacteriologiques». Cette mise en garde est loin d’etre surprenante. On Guy Lafleur. Samedi, le gouvernement a autorise en urgence, par la voie d’un arrete du ministere de la Sante, la pharmacie des armees a distribuer un antidote aux Services d’aide medicale urgente (Samu) ainsi qu’aux equipes de sapeurs-pompiers pouvant etre amenees a intervenir sur ce type d’operation. Literacy Essay. Ce produit est appele sulfate d’atropine 40 mg/20ml PCA. Lafleur By Ken. La publication de ce texte, qui n’est pas liee aux attentats de Paris et de Saint-Denis, selon la Direction generale de la sante (DGS), puisqu’il a ete redige en vue de la COP21, souleve de nombreuses questions. Time Essay. Le Figaro tente d’y repondre, point par point.

• Quelles sont ces armes chimiques et biologiques? Ce sont des produits consideres comme des armes de destruction massive. Essay On Guy. « Les armes chimiques utilisent deliberement les proprietes toxiques de substances chimiques pour tuer ou pour blesser», explique le bureau des affaires du desarmement des Nations Unies. Leisure Time. En clair, c’est une substance inerte qui agit dans un rayon donne. Essay On Guy Lafleur By Ken Dryden. Les plus dangereuses peuvent etre classees en trois grandes categories: 1) Les agents vesicants : le gaz moutarde, tres utilise pendant la Premiere Guerre mondiale, entre dans cette categorie. 2) Les agents suffocants , tel que le chlore.

3) Les agents neurotoxiques organophosphores comme le gaz sarin, le VX, le tabun et le soman. Time Essay. C’est exactement ce type d’agent qui inquiete le gouvernement. Quant aux armes biologiques , elles utilisent «des agents pathogenes (virus, bacteries. Essay On Guy By Ken. NDLR) pour tuer ou blesser des etres humains ou des animaux», precise encore les Nations unies. Time. Autrement dit, elles sont destinees a propager des maladies au sein d’une population. Essay On Guy Lafleur. Un exemple: les attaques a l’aide d’enveloppes contenant les bacteries de la maladie du charbon (Bacillus anthracis), fin 2001 aux Etats-Unis. Writing Scholarly. Envoyees a cinq medias et a deux senateurs, ces enveloppes contaminees avait cause la mort de cinq personnes. • Quel usage a-t-on le droit d’en faire? L’utilisation des armes biologiques est interdite par une convention internationale depuis 1925, et leur mise au point et leur possession depuis 1972. Essay. Les armes chimiques, elles, sont interdites par un traite international signe en 1993 et entre en vigueur en 1997 avec la Convention sur les armes chimiques. Literacy Essay. Pour autant, elles sont encore utilisees dans des conflits armes.

Ce fut le cas en aout 2013, lorsque la ville de Damas a ete bombardee a coups de missiles emplis de toxique chimique sarin, faisant des centaines de morts. On Guy Lafleur By Ken. Le sarin a aussi ete utilise dans le nord de l’Irak contre les Kurdes en 1988 et au Japon en 1995 lors d’un attentat de la secte Aum, perpetre dans le metro de Tokyo. Leisure Time Essay. Cette attaque avait cause la mort de 12 personnes et envoye plusieurs milliers a l’hopital. • L’Etat islamique pourrait-il utiliser des armes chimiques ou biologiques en France? Ces derniers mois, l’Etat islamique etait soupconne d’utiliser des armes chimiques en Irak et en Syrie. Dryden. Notamment en aout dernier, selon des ONG humanitaires. Leisure Time. Debut novembre, un rapport confidentiel de l’Organisation pour l’interdiction des armes chimiques (OIAC) a confirme que des personnes avaient ete touchees par du gaz moutarde. Essay On Guy By Ken Dryden. Si cette organisation, de part son statut, n’a pas le droit de designer un responsable, ses conclusions permettent d’en deduire que c’est bien l’EI qui y a eu recours. Spending Time Essay. Lors des combats, ce sont les formations rebelles qui en ont ete victimes, pas Daech.

En revanche, il est peu probable que le groupe terroriste s’interesse aux armes biologiques, leur efficacite etant plus relative. De l’avis des experts, les risques d’une attaque aux armes chimiques en France sont minces, mais pas impossibles. Essay Lafleur Dryden. «Il est complique d’organiser un attentat aux armes chimiques», nous explique Olivier Lepick, chercheur a la Fondation pour la recherche strategique et specialiste des armes chimiques. Whirligig. «C’est une chose de pouvoir utiliser des obus residuels d’Irak et de Syrie. Essay. C’en est une autre de les fabriquer». Literacy. En revanche, «il est important de prendre en compte cette menace. Lafleur Dryden. Il faut pouvoir s’y preparer». Write Essay Deconstruction. Si un tel scenario devait se presenter, «Daech ciblerait probablement un endroit confine comme une station de metro», essaie d’imaginer Olivier Lepick. Lafleur By Ken. Sous quelle forme? «Une bonbonne de gaz moutarde ou des obus chimiques relies a un systeme explosif», suppose-t-il. • Quelles sont les effets de ces armes sur le corps humain?

Vomissements, convulsions, problemes respiratoires…Chaque arme chimique provoque des effets differents. Essay. Idem pour les biologiques. Lafleur Dryden. Comme leur nom l’indique, les agents neurotoxiques (gaz ou liquide sarin) perturbent les liaisons chimiques entre le systeme nerveux et les muscles et peuvent provoquer une paralysie du corps conduisant a l’arret cardiaque. Essay Deconstruction. Les vesicants (gaz moutarde) irritent la peau, les yeux et les muqueuses. On Guy Lafleur. Les agents suffocants, tel que le chlore, entrainent de forts troubles respiratoires.

Trois equipes de trois intervenants… novembre 18. Comme le savent bien les lecteurs assidus du malade mental Pascal Edouard Cyprien Luraghi, et aussi quelques-uns des miens, sa complice Josette Brenterch du NPA de Brest qui est a l’origine de toutes ses exactions internetiques et autres a mon encontre depuis l’annee 2008 au moins a reussi a me faire condamner par le Tribunal Correctionnel de Brest le 11 juin 2013 pour avoir publie des droits de reponse dans lesquels j’avais dementi de gros mensonges et retabli quelques verites essentielles concernant mon parcours personnel a la suite de ses campagnes de calomnies publiques dementielles a mon encontre. Cette affaire a ete reexaminee par la Cour d’Appel de Rennes le 30 septembre dernier et cette fois, alors qu’en premiere instance mon avocat m’avait fait l’enorme surprise d’arriver a l’audience les mains vides, de nombreuses pieces ont ete produites en soutien d’une demande de relaxe au motif de ma bonne foi. Parmi ces pieces figure une attestation de ma mere qui quoi qu’en disent Josette Brenterch, ses avocats et divers complices, est quand meme bien un temoin privilegie de ma vraie vie et connait aussi toutes les difficultes que les membres actifs de l’association AC ! Brest avaient rencontrees en 2005 avec sa tresoriere Josette Brenterch pour avoir eu l’occasion de s’entretenir avec plusieurs de ces personnes a l’epoque des faits. En voici un extrait : Contrairement a ce que pretend aujourd’hui Mme Brenterch, ma fille ne manipulait personne, c’est bien Mme Brenterch elle-meme qui provoquait des reactions negatives a son encontre avec toutes ses exactions. Essay. Elle attaquait ma fille sans relache, mais s’en prenait aussi aux autres membres de l’association du seul fait que ceux-ci refusaient de l’exclure. Or, elle usait contre eux des meme methodes meprisables, revoltantes, qui semblent chez elle habituelles. Elle complotait sans cesse, utilisait des malades mentaux qu’elle manipulait pour mener ses attaques, et suscitait chez ces desequilibres diverses violences contre ses cibles. A compter du mois de juin 2005, Mrs Joel Roma [president de l'association], XXXXXXXXXX [membre du conseil d'administration de l'association] et Christian Hamon [ancien president et membre du conseil d'administration de l'association] ont tous les trois ete gravement menaces par des proches de Mme Brenterch. Puis elle a organise ses putschs de la rentree au lieu de suivre le programme convenu entre eux tous, et le conseil d’administration de l’association a decide de la destituer de son mandat de tresoriere et de la radier de l’association, a la suite de quoi, ayant repris par la force le bureau de l’association, elle en a exclu tous ceux qui l’en avaient radiee. Ces derniers ont tous ete radies de la nouvelle association de Mme Brenterch pour le meme motif en fin d’annee 2005, puis ils ont ete menaces de plaintes pour diffamation pour le cas ou ils auraient communique sur ces evenements.

Dans un courrier du 4 janvier 2006, Mme Brenterch leur precisait : Comme je vous en avais informes, j’ai rencontre cet apres-midi Lucette Le Thos, avocate. By Ken. Je lui ai remis les elements concernant les propos tenus publiquement a mon egard dans les derniers mois, qu’ils soient ecrits ou verbaux. International. Elle me confirme ce dont je me doutais, il y a largement matiere a porter plainte, je lui laisse le soin de la qualification juridique. Essay By Ken. Je ne souhaite pas du tout en venir la, mais je considere qu’on ne doit pas tout accepter. Je prends volontiers acte du calme de ces deux dernieres semaines. Pour l’avenir, au moindre derapage de l’un ou l’autre d’entre vous, ecrit ou verbal, avec ou sans temoins, contre moi-meme ou qui que ce soit d’autre d’AC!, madame Le Thos se chargera, a ma demande, de deposer une plainte en mon nom sur la base de l’ensemble des elements dont elle dispose deja et des eventuels elements nouveaux. J’espere sincerement que les choses en resteront la, mais je suis determinee a ne plus rien laisser passer, c’est pourquoi j’ai pris date d’un point de vue juridique.

Au cours du mois d’aout 2006, [ma fille] a pu discuter de ce conflit et de ses motifs avec un militant de la LCR de Brest qui connaissait tres bien ce parti et son personnel, dont Josette Brenterch, depuis les annees 1970. Il s’agit de Mr XXXXXXXXXX. Spending Leisure Time. Ils ont echange par mail, et [ma fille] m’a montre ces courriers electroniques. Comme toutes les autres personnes que j’ai entendues evoquer ce conflit, Mr XXXXXXX se disait lui aussi persuade que Mme Brenterch etait animee par la jalousie. Il a rapporte a ma fille la version qu’elle donnait de ce conflit a ses camarades militants de la LCR de Brest, qui tous la croyaient sur parole, et avaient repondu a son appel a l’aide pour renverser les instances dirigeantes d’AC ! qui la derangeaient sans se poser aucune question. Essay Lafleur Dryden. Ils obeissaient tous aveuglement a leur gouroute Josette Brenterch, que Mr XXXXXXX decrit comme anti-feministe, anti-intellectuels, et d’une grande perfidie, perverse. Les 15 et 16 aout 2006, en reponse aux questions que lui posait ma fille, il lui a precise : Ma fille avait interroge le psychiatre conferencier sur la question du harcelement moral en entreprise. Write Essay Deconstruction. Celui-ci avait repondu qu’apres avoir longtemps traite en psychiatrie les personnes se plaignant de harcelement, a defaut d’avoir pu mettre en evidence une quelconque pathologie psychiatrique dont elles auraient souffert, les psychiatres avaient conclu qu’il ne s’agissait pas de malades mentaux. Mon mari etait present dans la salle. Essay Lafleur By Ken. Il temoigne que ces echanges ont ete cordiaux et que le sujet aborde avait interesse les autres participants aux debats. Research Papers. Par ailleurs, une autre personne, representant une autre association qu’AC ! Brest, avait davantage cree l’evenement avec des critiques tres virulentes, mais tellement pertinentes que toute la salle l’avait applaudie.

Mr XXXXXXXXXX rapportait egalement dans ces courriers electroniques que selon Josette Brenterch, toute l’activite de l’association en 2004 et 2005 aurait ete reduite a l’expression de ces « troubles obsessionnels » qu’elle attribuait faussement a ma fille. Essay On Guy Lafleur By Ken. C’est encore faux. Research Papers. Les activites qui se developpaient sous l’impulsion de ma fille portaient sur toutes les questions interessant les chomeurs, precaires et exclus, tandis que selon d’anciens militants de l’association, depuis sa creation en 1994, Mme Brenterch et ses amis de la LCR avaient toujours freine ou bloque toutes les initiatives analogues. Dans ses courriels, Mr XXXXXXXXXX temoigne lui aussi de ces divergences profondes concernant l’objet de l’association, qui avaient toujours existe depuis sa creation, et n’apparaissent donc liees qu’a la personnalite de Josette Brenterch, ma fille n’ayant jamais fait partie d’aucune association de lutte contre le chomage avant l’annee 2004. De notoriete publique, ces conflits recurrents entre groupes de chomeurs et militants de la LCR ont bien conduit a une scission du mouvement AC ! au cours de l’automne 2005. Dryden. Le terroriste Cyprien Luraghi est demasque novembre 14. Le 7 novembre dernier, j’avais publie : Cyberattaques : Luraghi ne fait toujours pas dans la demi-mesure… 7 novembre. Depuis hier, 6 decembre 2015, a 15h11, jusqu’a aujourd’hui, 7 decembre 2015, a 14h55, soit durant pres de 24 heures, mon systeme personnel a subi sans discontinuer une cyberattaque particulierement fournie, puisqu’il m’a avertie de pas moins de… 350409 requetes… Le cyberdelinquant Pascal Edouard Cyprien Luraghi s’est encore surpasse…

A moins qu’il ne s’agisse d’un de ses complices, mais j’y crois peu, ce genre de delire etant caracteristique de ses pratiques personnelles, auxquelles il m’a bien habituee depuis le debut de ses attaques en 2008. Toujours sous le choc de l’attaque en question, je ne m’etais pas rendu compte de l’erreur de dates dans le texte de ma publication. En fait, le pirate ayant deja fracasse mon systeme, les dates de ses alertes de securite sont toutes decalees d’un mois depuis le 1er juillet de cette annee, et je les avais reportees dans ce texte telles quelles, c’est-a-dire avec ce mois de trop que j’avais donc oublie de retrancher. Cela dit, j’ai enfin compris cette cyberattaque en apparence gratuite dont l’auteur est indubitablement le malade mental Pascal Edouard Cyprien Luraghi a la relecture de ses billets de blog de l’automne 2008 : c’est bien la date du 6 decembre qu’il a ainsi voulu souligner, comme a plusieurs reprises il a deja mis en valeur des dates particulieres avec ses cyberattaques a mon encontre. Le 6 decembre est le jour de la Saint-Nicolas pour lequel en 2008 il appelait deja a un maraboutage massif. Pour cette annee 2015, il attend naturellement une confirmation par la Cour d’Appel de Rennes de la condamnation qui fut prononcee a mon encontre le 11 juin 2013 par le Tribunal Correctionnel de Brest pour des droits de reponse que j’avais publies sur mon blog Un petit coucou sur OverBlog a la suite de ses campagnes de calomnies publiques nominatives a mon encontre, debutees avec l’aide de son egerie Josette Brenterch du NPA de Brest le 19 juin 2010. Il semblerait qu’il m’assimile plus que jamais a Nicolas Sarkozy dont a ses yeux je serais toujours la poupee qu’il faut piquer pour tuer l’homme.

Comme nous l’avons bien vu hier, si le 5 novembre 2008 il appelait encore au maraboutage contre Nicolas Sarkozy, en revanche le 17 novembre 2008 il ecrivait : Je maraboute Sarkolas . Dans l’intervalle, le 12 novembre 2008 a 4h47, j’avais recu un message infecte, porteur d’un troyen particulierement vicieux qui a su echapper a la vigilance de mon antivirus jusqu’a ces jours-ci. Qui d’autre que Cyprien Luraghi se trouve encore devant son ecran d’ordinateur a 4h47 ? C’est bien lui qui m’avait envoye cette salete et m’a des lors toujours piratee. Le 17 novembre 2008, il me piratait depuis deja cinq jours. Ce faisant, il maraboutait Sarkolas . Trojan vicieux : je suis infestee par une de ces saletes depuis le 12 novembre 2008 ! novembre 12. A la faveur de manipulations que je ne fais pas tous les jours, mon antivirus vient de detecter la presence dans mes archives de six troyens qui m’ont tous ete envoyes par courriers electroniques sur la meme adresse, dans des pieces jointes. Jusque-la, ils etaient donc toujours passes a travers les mailles de mon filet securitaire, qui n’est pourtant pas mauvais. Cinq de ces troyens m’ont ete envoyes cette annee, en dates des 19 janvier, 4 fevrier, 15 avril, 21 avril et 29 avril 2015. Spending Time. Les dates et contenus associes font tous echo aux procedures qui m’opposent a Josette Brenterch, du NPA de Brest, et ses divers complices. Mais le premier remonte au… 12 novembre 2008 ! Le voila donc enfin piege… Mieux vaut tard que jamais ! Ci-dessous le code source du message, sauf la piece jointe, monumentale, et la fiche Wikipedia de l’endroit d’ou il m’avait ete expedie, en Russie, qui est notamment le siege de la direction centrale spirituelle des musulmans de Russie et des pays europeens de la CEI. Consultez la liste des taches a accomplir en page de discussion. Voir sur la carte administrative de Russie Voir sur la carte administrative de Bachkirie Voir la carte administrative de Russie europeenne.

Oufa (en russe : , en bachkir : ??) est la capitale et la plus grande ville de la republique de Bachkirie, en Russie. Essay On Guy Lafleur Dryden. Elle en represente le centre industriel, economique, scientifique et culturel. International. Sa population s’elevait a 1 105 667 habitants en 2015. La ville se trouve sur de legeres collines, a une centaine de kilometres a l’ouest de la chaine de montagnes de l’Oural meridional. Essay. Elle est situee sur la presqu’ile d’Oufa, au bord de la riviere Belaia, dans laquelle se jettent la riviere Oufa et la Dyoma (affluent gauche). Time Essay. Elle a une municipalite qui s’etend sur 53 km du nord au sud et sur 28 km d’est en ouest. On Guy By Ken. Ses 753,7 km 2 en font la troisieme municipalite la plus etendue de Russie, apres Sotchi et Volgograd. Oufa est situee a 1 169 km — 1 567 km par le train — de Moscou. Le fuseau horaire de Oufa est GMT+05:00 ou CET+04:00 (heure d’Europe centrale + 4 heures) pendant toute l’annee. Des restes du Paleolithique ont ete decouverts a Oufa, ainsi le site Oufa II par l’archeologue Piotr Ichtcherikov en 1953, dans le centre-ville moderne actuel. Scholarly Research Papers. Le savant arabe Al Idrissi decrit au XII e siecle un village bachkir du nom de Gourkhan qui abrite de nombreux guerriers turcs et un autre auteur du XIV e siecle, Ibn Khaldoun, evoque la ville de Bachkort , appartenant a la Horde d’or.

Les cartographes occidentaux la situent au XVI e siecle a l’embouchure de la riviere Oufa, c’est-a-dire a l’endroit actuel de la ville. On Guy Lafleur By Ken Dryden. L’historien russe du XVIII e siecle, Piotr Rytchkov, decrit une ville bachkire s’etendant sur une dizaine de verstes, comme etant la residence du khan bachkir Tourakhan. La plus grande partie de la Bachkirie entre volontairement dans les limites russes en 1557, les chefs bachkirs gouvernent de Kazan. Write Essay Deconstruction. Ils demandent en 1573 a Ivan le Terrible de leur construire une forteresse. Lafleur By Ken. C’est ainsi qu’a partir de la fete de la Trinite 1574, Ivan Hagovo (parent de la derniere epouse d’Ivan le Terrible) fait construire un fortin sur la rive droite de la riviere Belaia Volochka. Whirligig By Paul. C’est donc le fondateur de la ville moderne dans la seconde moitie du XVI e siecle. Lafleur By Ken. Une eglise dediee a la Sainte Trinite est construite sur la colline de Touratai (la colline-forteresse ) et un peu plus loin les premieres maisons et isbas. Write Deconstruction. C’est a la fin du XVI e siecle que l’on peut parler de petite ville qui recoit alors son nom d’Oufa. Lafleur. C’est aussi la derniere veritable ville avant les immensites siberiennes et un avant-poste russe a la limite des contrees d’Asie centrale. Erin. Elle est sous le commandement de Mikhail Nagoi et la garnison abrite deux cents soldats. Lafleur By Ken Dryden. On l’entoure ensuite de remparts et on essay y installe une place de marche.

La ville recoit son blason au XVII e siecle. Essay Lafleur By Ken. On y construit a la fin du siecle la cathedrale de Notre-Dame de Smolensk a l’emplacement actuel du monument de l’Amitie. La ville fait partie du gouvernement de Kazan a partir de 1708 et devient le chef-lieu de la province d’Oufa en 1728. Essay International. En 1744, elle fait partie du gouvernement d’Orenbourg et devient en 1781 le chef-lieu du district d’Oufa, dont le premier gouverneur est Ivan Lamb (1761-1804). Essay Lafleur By Ken. En 1796, elle retourne au gouvernement d’Orenbourg et en 1802 elle devient chef-lieu de gouvernement avec siege de l’administration. Essay. L’architecte ecossais William Hastie realise le premier plan general de la ville en 1803, mais son projet n’aboutit pas. By Ken. Il retourne a Oufa en 1817 qui aboutit a un autre projet deux ans plus tard et qui est mis en ?uvre pendant tout le XIX e siecle. Oufa devient la capitale du gouvernement d’Oufa en 1865. Time Essay. La ville est alors en plein essor industriel, tandis que le chemin de fer lui donne une nouvelle impulsion entre 1888 et 1892. Sous la protection de la Legion tcheque, un gouvernement « panrusse » domine par les socialistes revolutionnaires est installe a Oufa pendant la guerre civile russe. Lafleur. Le 18 novembre 1918, l’amiral blanc Alexandre Vassilievitch Koltchak renverse ce gouvernement et se proclame regent supreme 1 . Oufa est situee dans la zone de steppe arboree moderee du nord.

Le climat est continental et humide, avec des etes chauds et des hivers moyennement froids. Recensements (*) ou estimations de la population 2. Selon les resultats du recensement national de 2002, Oufa est habitee principalement par des Russes (50,2 %), des Tatars (28,1 %) et des Bachkirs (14,8 %). Les autres groupes ethniques (plus de 1 000 personnes) sont les Ukrainiens (17 772 personnes), Tchouvaches (10 586 personnes), Maris (9 616 personnes), Bielorusses (5 556 personnes), Mordves (3 975 personnes), Armeniens (2 822 personnes), Allemands (2 213 personnes), Juifs (2 082 personnes), Azeris (2 075 personnes) 3 . Les deux religions principales d’Oufa sont l’orthodoxie (estime a pres de 50 % de la population) et l’islam sunnite (pres de 45 % de la population). Eglise orthodoxe russe : Oufa est le siege du diocese d’Oufa-Sterlitamak. Spending Leisure Essay. L’eglise-cathedrale d’Oufa est la cathedrale de la Nativite-de-la-Vierge, rue Kirov. Essay By Ken. Les autres eglises sont celles de Saint-Serge, de Saint-Georges, de la Nativite, de l’Intercession, de Saint-Methode-et-Saint-Cyrille, de Saint-Andre, de l’Ascension, de l’Exaltation de la Croix, de Saint-Nicolas, de Saint-Nicolas-de-la-Gare, de Saint-Pantelemon, de Saint-Simeon, et du Sauveur.

Il y a aussi deux paroisses de Vieux-Croyants. Literacy Essay. Sunnisme : Oufa est le siege de la direction centrale spirituelle des musulmans de Russie et des pays europeens de la CEI, qui inclut aussi la Siberie et le Kazakhstan. On Guy. Depuis 1980, il s’agit du grand mufti Talgar Tadschouddine. Essay. Il y a dix mosquees a Oufa, dont beaucoup ont ete construites grace aux subsides turcs. Essay Dryden. La mosquee Lyalya-Tyulpan constitue l’un des edifices architecturaux les plus marquants de la ville. Papers. Lutherianisme : la paroisse lutherienne-evangelique d’Oufa a ete reconstituee dans les annees 1990 et son eglise a ete construite en 2010 Catholicisme: il existe une petite paroisse catholique, sous le vocable du Sacre-C?ur45 . Lafleur By Ken. Judaisme : la synagogue d’Oufa a ete construite en 2008.

Il existe aussi des mouvements religieux issus des Etats-Unis qui se sont recemment installes a Oufa, comme les mormons en 2001, qui ont construit un temple de prieres, ou les Adventistes du Septieme jour. La municipalite se compose de sept raions ou secteurs (population : 2010) : de Dioma (Diomski / ¸, 55 230); de Kalinine (Kalininski / , 195 818); de Kirov (Kirovski / , 130 880); de Lenine (Leninski / , 76 288); d’Oktiabr (Octobre) (Oktiabrski / , 229 270); d’Ordjonikidze (Ordjonikidzevski / , 176 877); de Soviet (Sovetski / , 166 449). A cela s’ajoutent les communes rurales rattachees a la ville, avec 7 288 habitants. Les corps d’auto-gouvernement local de Oufa sont : le Conseil, un corps representatif forme de 35 deputes elus pour quatre ans ; le president du conseil – le responsable de district elu pour quatre ans ; l’administration d’okroug urbain. Essay International Relations. La structure d’administration est approuvee par le conseil, sur proposition du responsable de l’administration ; le responsable de l’administration gere l’administration selon les principes de l’unite de commande 6 . Gouvernement republicain et federal. Commission electorale de l’okroug urbain Gouvernement de la Republique du Bachkortostan Ministeres de la Republique. Oufa accueille la cour constitutionnelle de la Republique du Bachkirie, le tribunal arbitral de la Republique de Bachkirie et la cour supreme de la Republique de Bachkirie 7 , et le tribunal militaire, la cour internationale de justice et le tribunal de district.

Le petrole est l’activite industrielle principale d’Oufa. By Ken Dryden. Le groupe Bashneft, qui a son siege social dans la ville d’Oufa, y exploite les raffineries d’Oufa, Novo Oufa et Ufaneftekhim d’une capacite totale de 910 000 barils par jour (Voir la liste de raffineries de petrole). On y trouve egalement Progress, une usine d’assemblage de moteurs d’avion Tupolev. Dans le domaine des communications, on spending leisure y trouve Magnetron , un fabricant d’appareils de telecommunications, ainsi que de nombreux instituts de recherche en biologie, biochimie et sur les vitamines. Lafleur By Ken Dryden. L’industrie mecanique y joue aussi un role notable. Pres de 200 moyennes et grandes entreprises industrielles sont implantees a Oufa. Oufa est un donneur net aux budgets de la republique et federaux. International Relations. Pres de 62,8 % des revenus par l’impot recoltes sur le territoire du district municipal d’Oufa sont transferes au budget federal, et 29 % au budget de la republique. Dotee depuis 1885 d’une gare ferroviaire sur le parcours historique du Transsiberien, la ligne Samara-Oufa-Zlatooust-Tcheliabinsk-Ekaterinbourg, Oufa est reliee par le train au reste de la Russie. On Guy Lafleur By Ken. Le pont au-dessus de la Belaia a ete construit en 1888.

Oufa relie les regions centrales de la Russie a la Siberie et a l’Oural. Leisure. La gare centrale moderne a ete reconstruite en 2008. Oufa est par ailleurs au centre d’un reseau autoroutier regional, elle est la seule ville a etre reliee a Moscou par plus d’une autoroute federale : la M7 au nord qui relie Moscou via Kazan, et plus au sud la M5 Oural a Moscou et a la partie asiatique de la Russie. Essay By Ken Dryden. Il y a deux gares autoroutieres, celle du nord et celle du sud. L’Aeroport international d’Oufa (code AITA : UFA), ouvert en 1938 dans le sud de la ville, est desservi par plusieurs compagnies aeriennes dont Aeroflot et Turkish Airlines. Scholarly Papers. Les vols de ligne sont tant nationaux, a destination de plusieurs villes de Russie, qu’internationaux, a destination notamment de la Turquie et des Emirats arabes unis. Lafleur By Ken Dryden. Des vols charter sont egalement effectues de maniere saisonniere, a destination notamment de la Grece, de la Turquie et de l’Egypte.

Au total, vingt-sept villes de la federation de Russie, ainsi que des aeroports etrangers comme ceux d’Hurghada, Charm el-Cheikh, Barcelone, Antalya, Istanbul, Dalaman, Tachkent, Francfort-sur-le-Main, Khodjent sont desservis. Le reseau urbain d’Oufa, base principalement sur un axe nord-sud suivant l’etirement de la ville, est constitue de tramways, de trolleybus, d’autobus, de taxis collectifs, et de taxis. Writing Research Papers. Pour desengorger la ville, une voie rapide a ete creee dans les annees 1980 en parallele a l’axe de Prospekt Oktjabrja. On Guy Lafleur. Depuis les annees 1960, la creation d’un reseau de metro est en discussion. Class. Il a ete en partie construit, mais les travaux de construction furent arretes en 2005 par suite a un financement non clarifie et insuffisant. Le transport fluvial de marchandises est possible sur les cours d’eau. Un reseau de pipelines (gaz et petrole) passe par Oufa. La ville possede des theatres bachkire, russe et tatar, un Theatre national d’opera et de ballet, un Orchestre symphonique national, le studio de films Bashkortostan , des ensembles philharmoniques et l’Ensemble national bachkir de danse folklorique. On trouve egalement a Oufa de nombreux musees, le jardin botanique d’Oufa, un parc et un centre sportif, la ville tentant de conserver un attrait face a la decroissance de la population dans cette ville du sud de l’Oural en reconversion. Les institutions universitaires de la ville incluent notamment : Universite d’Etat de Bachkirie Universite d’Etat bachkire de formation des enseignants du nom de M. Essay Dryden. Akmulla Universite d’Etat medicale de Bachkirie Universite d’Etat technique aeronautique d’Oufa Universite d’Etat technologique du petrole d’Oufa Universite d’architecture d’Oufa Universite d’agriculture d’Oufa.

le monument en hommage a Salavat Ioulaiev, qui surplombe la Belaia. Spending Essay. Il a ete construit en 1968, et renove en 2004; le centre commercial Gostiny Dvor dans le centre-ville; la mosquee Ljalja-Tjulpan , de construction recente dans le nord de la ville; le monument Droujby (Monument de l’amitie entre les Bachkirs et les Russes, construit en 1965; les theatres mentionnes precedemment; le Palais de la Culture; la place Lenine au Gorsoviet (conseil municipal) avec son parc attenant et un centre de loisirs; le parc Jakoutov; le parc Serguei Aksakov; au plus grand cimetiere, le monument en hommage aux 187 catholiques qui y ont ete assassines fin 1936 8 . Le club de football FC Ufa, connu du temps du communisme comme Gastello Oufa , joue en deuxieme division russe. Essay Lafleur. Oufa est de fait la plus grande ville en Europe a n’avoir jamais ete representee au plus haut niveau 9 . Write Deconstruction. Les matches sont joues au Stroitel-Stadion , d’une capacite de 10 000 places assises. Le club de volleyball de l’Oural est egalement base a Oufa. Serguei Aksakov (1791-1859), ecrivain Ildar Fatkoulline (ne en 1982), sauteur a ski Mikhail Nesterov (1862-1942), peintre Vladimir Spivakov (ne en 1944), violoniste et chef d’orchestre Mirsayet Soltangaliev, bolchevikmusulman Andrei Tcherkassov (ne en 1970), joueur de tennis Dmitri Vassiliev (ne en 1979), sauteur a ski Zemfira (nee en 1976), chanteuse de rock Andrei Zoubarev, Andrei Ziouzine, Aleksandr Semak et Igor Kravtchouk, joueurs de hockey sur glace en NHL. La ville d’Oufa est jumelee avec 10 : Oufa entretient aussi des accords de cooperation avec : Sur les autres projets Wikimedia : ^ Andre Fontaine, Histoire de la Guerre froide , en deux tomes, Fayard, 1967, reedition Le Seuil, 1983 : 1. Essay On Guy Lafleur By Ken. De la revolution d’octobre a la guerre de Coree ; chap. By Paul Fleischman Essay. II . Essay By Ken. ^« Recensements et estimations de la population depuis 1897 sur » [archive] , sur — (ru ) « Office federal de statistiques, Recensement de la population russe de 2010 » [archive] , sur — (ru ) « Population residente par municipalite de la Federation de Russie au 1 er janvier 2012 » [archive] [rar] , sur — (ru ) « Population residente par municipalite de la Federation de Russie au 1 er janvier 2013 » [archive] [rar] , sur ^ National composition of literacy, population of the on guy by ken Republic of spending time, Bashkortostan (according to on guy lafleur dryden the All-Russia population census 2002). By Paul Essay. Statistical handbook. Essay On Guy. Bashkortostanstat. Class. Ufa.

198 p. On Guy By Ken. ^ Elle depend du diocese de Saratov et elle est dirigee par un missionnaire italien ^ (de ) Site de l’eveque de Saratov [archive] ^Charter of the whirligig by paul essay Urban Okrug of essay lafleur by ken dryden, Ufa of the scientific literacy Republic of essay on guy lafleur dryden, Bashkortostan [archive] ^« / federal / detail.php? ID = 3052 federal law enforcement and essay judicial system in lafleur dryden the Republic of scientific, Bashkortostan » (Archive • Wikiwix • • Google • Que faire ?) , consulte le 2013-04-01 ^Das Wort zum Tag (Verkundigungssendung) [archive] MDR, 17. By Ken Dryden. Januar 2009 ^ (en ) « Now that Hull City are playing Premiership football, which is the scientific largest European city never to lafleur by ken have had a top-flight team? » [archive] , The Guardian (consulte le 19 decembre 2010) ^Sister-cities [archive] Le riverain de Rue89 Ben85 n’a jamais compris son ami Cyprien Luraghi octobre 25. Je devrais plutot dire son ex-ami ou comparse deconnologue Cyprien Luraghi, puisqu’ils viennent de rompre, a la suite de ce commentaire du premier sur le site d’information Rue89 sous un article dont le sujet releve des cyberviolences faites aux femmes, c’est-a-dire tres precisement une part des violences qui constituent les lynchages publics reguliers ou permanents qu’organise le chef de meute ultra-violent Cyprien Luraghi a mon encontre sur Internet depuis maintenant sept ans : Putain ca me gave de lire certains messages (de mecs surtout, au passage : coincidence ?) minimisant ce que vit cette fille et remettant en cause la facon qu’elle a eue de reagir a ces attaques, la faisant passer du statut de victime a celle de mytho voire de coupable. On ne sait pas tout d’elle ? Certains messages sont mal traduits ? L’article est incomplet sur le sujet ? ET ALORS ? Ca excuse le fait qu’on puisse la menacer de viol ? C’est anodin ? Bah putain de merde… Faut vivre aux cotes de quelqu’un qui s’en prend plein la gueule tous les jours pour se rendre compte que, meme en etant vachement stable, se faire traiter de « pute » ou de « bougnoule » au quotidien, c’est usant. Leisure Time Essay. Qu’est-ce qui reste a faire, alors ? La fermer ? Nan, la moindre des choses, si on essay dryden ne soutient pas ces personnes, c’est au moins de ne pas rajouter une louche au tas de merde que tout un paquet de connards leur verse deja dessus. Apres, comparer les cas de harcelement, dire « moi, c’en est du vrai, du labellise, l’autre, la, avec ses histoires de viol, c’est juste une petite joueuse et si ca se trouve elle cherche un peu », c’est vraiment a gerber.

Ce commentaire correspond exactement a celui qu’aurait pu faire au sujet des campagnes de calomnies publiques assorties de nombreux appels publics au viol et au meurtre et autres menaces de mort de Cyprien Luraghi a mon encontre n’importe quel internaute cense et courageux etant tombe sur ses tas de merde me concernant. Whirligig Fleischman. Certains l’ont d’ailleurs fait a plusieurs reprises, mais jamais Ben85 qui avait rejoint le groupe de deconnologues de Cyprien Luraghi dans la periode de fevrier a juillet 2009, ou ces pervers me harcelaient deja tous en meute au quotidien sur le site Rue89. Cela dit, l’interesse s’exprimant actuellement sur Rue89 sous le pseudonyme de Max Schultz ne s’est pas trompe sur le sens de ce discours tout a fait nouveau de son condisciple de six ans et demi, puisqu’il n’a pas tarde a y reagir comme rappele ci-dessous, puis a rompre a la suite de ses explications publiques : Parler de quelqu’un par allusions, c’est pas terrible, Ben. Essay By Ken. C’est manquer de franchise, voire de courage. Pour faire court : dans l’affaire que j’evoque a mots couverts parce qu’elle est en cours et que la discretion s’impose encore, je ne suis pas seul. Literacy. Il y a une femme aussi qui en est une autre victime. Essay On Guy Dryden. Or ce que cette femme s’est mange dans la gueule est sans commune mesure avec ce qui est rapporte dans cet article. Time. Je precise bien : dans cet article. Essay On Guy By Ken Dryden. Qui d’apres ce que j’ai pu comprendre en lisant plusieurs commentaires sur ce fil, semble minimiser les faits. Ce sera tout : je n’ai plus rien a te dire. Si je manquais de courage, je me serais tu.

J’ai bien vu que tu intervenais juste au-dessus et qu’il y avait des chances que tu voies mon message. Class. Une partie de celui-ci t’es adresse, mais pas qu’a toi, et toute une autre est plus generale par rapport a tout un tas de reactions sur ce fil. Lafleur By Ken. Desole de ne pas t’avoir envoye de faire-part et d’avoir prefere la formule « tir groupe », hein. Je sais que tu te trimbales des folles au cul, je ne minimise pas ca, ce serait incoherent avec ce que je dis plus haut. Write Essay Deconstruction. Je dis juste que, par principe, quand on lafleur sait ce que « harcelement » veut dire (et c’est ton cas), on scientific literacy doit quand meme menager ses commentaires a l’egard d’une personne victime de telles attaques. Et voila, les specialistes en l’inversion de toute chose que sont les pervers Pascal Edouard Cyprien Luraghi et sa commanditaire Josette Brenterch du NPA de Brest ont visiblement bien reussi a imprimer de maniere indelebile dans le cerveau de Ben85 qu’ils seraient l’un et l’autre les victimes de folles, notamment moi qu’ils ont toujours harcelee ensemble depuis 2008, et depuis bien plus longtemps pour la donneuse d’ordres. Il est vrai que Ben85 n’a pas toujours tout suivi et ne doit meme pas comprendre pourquoi le Konducator le dit aujourd’hui versatile . Rappelons donc en deux commentaires du chef l’essentiel de sa doctrine, lui dictant toujours sa conduite : Kondukator Cosmoplanetaire | 00H12 | 22/03/2009 | J’ai fait ca, et pas qu’une seule fois : mais je n’initie jamais le delire ; je prends le train en marche ou alors je papote sur des fils totalement deserts. Sauf chez Serraf : mais la c’est normal. C’est dur pour lui la vie.

OK, mais c’est lui qui l’a voulu. Essay Lafleur By Ken. Je n’accorde jamais la moindre excuse a ceux qui se font chier dans la vie. Write Essay Deconstruction. Je suis d’une cruaute sans borne a leur egard. Quelle que soit sa condition sociale, son milieu familial et tout le reste, se faire la vie belle est une question de choix, de determination, de tripe et de couilles. Lafleur By Ken. Meme pour les filles. D’ailleurs, vous faites plaisir aux CRS, quand vous manifestez : c’est grace a vous qu’ils peuvent ecouter Sardou et payer les traites de leur pavillon Phenix ultra-moche.

Sans vous, ils n’existeraient pas et le monde serait plus sympathique.

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Guy LaFleur by Ken Dryden Essay …

20 Dicas para montar uma boa Cover Letter. Essay Lafleur! Toda vez que voce manda seu curriculo, ou resume, como e chamado aqui no Canada, voce vai precisar de uma otima Cover Letter para acompanha-lo. By Paul Essay! E extremamente indicado que voce personalize sua cover letter para cada vaga de emprego que esta aplicando. Essay On Guy Lafleur By Ken Dryden! A cover letter e mais uma forma de voce se apresentar para seu possivel empregador, e o que voce coloca la pode ser a sua chance de ser chamado para a entrevista do emprego desejado. Essay! Antes de redigir a Cover Letter. Cada cover letter exige preparacao e existem algumas dicas para voce ter em mente antes de redigi-la: Pense em voce e em suas experiencias.

Depois, pense como voce quer relacionar suas experiencias com a empresa que voce esta aplicando. On Guy Lafleur! Quais competencias, habilidades e atividades a empresa em questao deve saber sobre voce. Deconstruction! Faca um Brainstorm sobre voce mesmo. Essay On Guy! Como voce ficou sabendo desta oportunidade de trabalho? Caso tenha sido por meio de um contato, escreva o nome da pessoa. Whirligig Essay! Se foi por causa de um anuncio, coloque onde e quando voce o viu, inclua tambem os pontos especificos que o anuncio apresentou sobre a vaga. On Guy By Ken! O que voce sabe sobre a empresa que voce esta aplicando? O que chamou sua atencao na vaga em questao? Talvez seja um motivo pessoal ( um amigo trabalha la), ou talvez voce simpatizou com o que a empresa faz ou admira os valores da empresa. Scientific! Faca uma pesquisa sobre a empresa. Essay On Guy Lafleur! Para quem voce esta escrevendo? E indicado escrever sua carta para uma pessoa real se voce tiver esta informacao, assim voce nao estara apenas respondendo a um anuncio. Tente encontrar algum nome em particular para se referir. Deconstruction! Tenha certeza que o nome e o cargo desta pessoa estao corretos.

Caso voce nao encontre um nome especifico, use “Dear Hiring Manager” (caro gerente de contratacoes) ou “Dear Human Resources” (Caro Recursos Humanos). Essay Lafleur By Ken Dryden! Evite especificar generos, como “Sir” (senhor) ou “Ma’am” (senhora). Scholarly Research! Primeiro paragrafo: este e o paragrafo mais importante, ele sera o responsavel por fazer seu futuro empregador continuar a ler sua cover letter ou nao, por isso ele deve causar logo de cara uma boa impressao. Comece dizendo como voce ficou sabendo da vaga em questao, se foi indicacao de alguem, algum anuncio ou classificado de jornal. Essay Lafleur By Ken! Tente passar entusiasmo e mostrar seus pontos fortes que sejam pertinentes para a vaga que voce esta buscando. Brockovich! Segundo Paragrafo: aqui voce deve descrever suas qualificacoes para o emprego – habilidades, conquistas profissionais e tracos positivos da sua personalidade, no maximo tres caracteristicas principais que farao voce se sobressair em relacao aos outros candidatos. On Guy Lafleur By Ken! Seu curriculo, que deve ser enviado junto com a Cover Letter, ira complementar as informacoe da sua carta de apresentacao. Erin Class! Pense sempre em como voce pode contribuir para a empresa e porque suas habilidades, conhecimentos e tracos de personalidade sao interessantes para a empresa.

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A Cover Letter online deve ter de dois a tres paragrafos e no maximo 150 palavras. Essay By Ken Dryden! Pense que a sua cover letter nao deve ser maior do que o tamanho da tela do computador, o futuro empregador deve ser capaz de ler toda sua carta sem precisar rolar a pagina. Scientific! Aproveite o espaco do assunto do e-mail. On Guy! Tente usar este espaco para “se vender”, use apenas o nome ou numero da vaga se o anuncio orientar a isso. Scientific Essay! Se voce estiver aplicando para uma vaga de vendas (sales), pode usar o assunto do e-mail para falar sobre voce: “ Experienced Salesperson for essay dryden Executive Sales position ”. Essay Deconstruction! Envie a cover letter para algum outro e-mail antes de envia-la para o futuro empregador. On Guy! Mande para o seu e-mail ou o e-mail de amigo para ter certeza que o formato e o conteudo estao adequados. Scientific! As vezes alguns marcadores, negritos e outras formatacoes nao abrem em todos os provedores de e-mail. Essay On Guy! Mantenha um tom professional. Essays Erin Brockovich! E-mails normalmente tendem a ser mais casuais, mas lembre-se que voce nao esta enviando este e-mail para um amigo ou familiar. Evite usar abreviacoes, girias, cores, emoticons e frases prontas na assinatura do seu e-mail.

Evite alguns erros basicos que podem comprometer sua vaga. Essay On Guy Lafleur Dryden! Revise, revise e revise! Erros nao sao permitidos! Erros de digitacao, erros gramaticais e datas erradas nao podem acontecer. Writing Research Papers! Qualquer erro pode ser fatal pois pode mostrar falta de cuidado e atencao e isso pode ser uma porta fechada para voce.

Caso voce nao tenha muita seguranca com gramatica e ortografia em ingles, peca para alguem te ajudar. On Guy Lafleur! Escreva cartas individuais. Relations! Personalizacao e sempre uma boa ideia, entao reserve um tempinho para montar cada carta para cada uma das empresas que voce esta aplicando. By Ken! Cartas genericas sao facilmente reconhecidas pelos recrutadores e passam a sensacao de que voce nao se importa o suficiente para personaliza-la. Erin! Escrever diretamente para um departamento. On Guy! E sempre melhor escrever para uma pessoa real com um cargo real. Spending Time! Claro que ha excecoes e algumas vezes nao ha como saber para quem enderecar a carta. Essay Lafleur By Ken! Nao use pronomes de genero. Scientific Essay! Muitas cartas se enderecam para um “senhor” com “Dear sir” ou “Dear Mr. Essay Lafleur Dryden! Manager”, mas hoje em dia a chance de uma mulher ler sua carta e bem grande, entao opte por “Dear Manager” ou “Dear Sir/ Ma’am”. Usar repetidamente a palavra “I” (eu).

Claro que voce pode, e deve, referir-se a voce mesmo, mas tente colocar “you” na sua cover letter, mostrando que voce esta preocupado em conhecer as necessidades da empresa. Essay International Relations! Esqueca fotos. Dryden! A nao ser que voce esteja aplicando para uma vaga de modelo ou ator, nao coloque sua foto. Essay! Nao esqueca de dar uma forma do empregador contatar voce. Lafleur By Ken Dryden! Nunca deixe de colocar seu numero de telefone, e-mail ou melhor, ambos. Leisure Essay! Nao esqueca de assinar sua cover letter. On Guy Lafleur By Ken Dryden! Se voce for erin class entrega-la pessoalmente, assine a mao.

Se voce puder assinar a carta online e scanear, melhor ainda. Dryden! Nao esqueca de anexar seu curriculo!

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co directed thesis By Laura Ann Kamienski. That's how I like to on guy lafleur by ken dryden, see all women; on their knees. A well-known kickboxing champion made this comment during a seminar that he was giving to writing research papers, a large group of male and female martial artists. It was the catalyst to finding a new approach to my martial arts training, and to my role as a women's self-defense instructor. I was fairly new black belt in on guy lafleur, Tae Kwon Do when I attended that seminar with a friend who is a high ranking (third degree) female black belt. Despite our physical training, neither one of us had the capacity or the skills to stop the assault, which continued from that first comment. It was through that experience I realized that something was missing from my training and I began to look for essay international relations, answers.

The following document is an accumulation of my research, personal discussions with martial arts colleagues, and training with my Chimera mentor. By Ken Dryden? It also includes my experience training in domestic violence advocacy and teaching women's self-defense courses over the past few years. Write? Many of the following comments were guided by the direct interaction I've had with my students and with survivors of sexual assault. In the past twenty years, there has been an explosion of available information and data about violence against women. In reviewing both this data and the content of martial arts based women's self-defense courses, I discovered an alarming disconnection between what is being taught and the reality of assaults women and girls experience. Survivors of sexual assault are stepping up more than ever to tell their stories. Most self-defense courses for women I reviewed did not reflect the on guy by ken, data or the actual experiences of these women and girls.

This included those courses that claimed to consider current statistics and information about violence against international relations, women. Characteristics of Effective Self Defense for by ken dryden, Women. Based on Knowledge of Actual Attacks. To be most effective, women's self-defense programs should be based on scientific literacy several things. The first of these is knowledge of actual attacks.

1 Women take self-defense courses for a variety of reasons, but underlying all of them is the reality of specific kinds of lafleur violence. Sexual assault and domestic violence are, by far, the most common types of essay international relations violence women experience. According to a 1995 study on essay lafleur dryden violence against women conducted by essay relations, the United States Department of Justice: Women age 12 or older annually sustained almost 5 million violent victimizations in 1992 and 1993. About three-quarters of all lone-offender violence against women and 45% of violence involving multiple-offenders was perpetrated by offenders whom the victim knew. On Guy Lafleur Dryden? In 29% of all violence against women by a lone offender, the perpetrator was an intimate (husband, ex-husband, boyfriend or ex-boyfriend). Women were about 6 times more likely than men to experience violence committed by an intimate. Women annually reported about 500,000 rapes and sexual assaults to interviewers. Friends or acquaintances of the victims committed over writing scholarly research papers, half of on guy lafleur dryden these rapes or sexual assaults.

Strangers were responsible for about 1 in 5. Spending Leisure Time? 2. Our culture promulgates and perpetuates massive and essay lafleur dryden, completely unnecessary ignorance about the violence women face. From advertising to deconstruction, news reporting, movies to television, violence against women (and how women respond to that violence) is flagrantly misrepresented. Rapists are most often portrayed as dirty, smelly, psychotic strangers who jump, unannounced, from behind bushes. Their physical features are sometimes exaggerated to the point of becoming huge ape like monsters with big teeth and hairy bodies. On Guy By Ken? Very rarely are attackers depicted as friends or family members of their victims.

In many instances it is either directly or indirectly implied that the victim secretly wanted to be raped. Relations? 3 Women are rarely seen fighting back against essay on guy lafleur, their attacker and when they do they are usually ineffectual and write, are ultimately rescued by another male character. Sometimes the rapist himself turns out to be the lafleur by ken dryden, hero.* While stranger attacks do happen, the effects of essay which are nothing short of devastating and on guy dryden, traumatic, the overwhelming majority of sexual assaults do not happen on the street or in an alley. Furthermore, assailants are usually not strangers. The overwhelming majority of assailants know their victims -84% of all sexual assaults are committed by someone the write essay, victim knows. 4 Furthermore, victims of sexual assault are very often young girls as indicated by a study reported in Body Politics by Nancy Henley: Florence Rush, a social worker who has worked for the Society for on guy by ken dryden, the Prevention of Cruelty to Children, has been concerned with sexual abuse in deconstruction, children, and has written papers on this topic. In one, presenting a survey of on guy lafleur by ken studies covering 2,152 cases of sexual offenses against children, she observes that the overwhelming majority of sexual offenses involving children (about 90%) are those committed by older males on writing young girls, and about 75 percent of these offenses are committed not by strangers, but by persons known to the victims-by fathers and other relatives, or by dryden, visitors and family friends. The pattern of such abuses, she concludes, shows an early manifestation of male power and oppression on scientific the female. 5.

According to on guy lafleur, the American Medical Association (AMA), over 61 percent of female victims of assault are under age 18. 6 The AMA also reports that three-quarters of sexual assaults are committed by a friend, acquaintance, intimate partner or family member of the victim. Violence against relations, women is primarily partner violence: 76 percent of the women who were raped and/or physically assaulted since age 18 were assaulted by a current or former husband, cohabiting partner, or date. 7. Domestic violence is the leading cause of injuries to women ages 15 - 44, more common than automobile accidents, muggings, and cancer deaths combined (Surgeon General, US. Public Health Services, (Journal of the by ken dryden, American Medical Association, 276:23, 31-32, June 17, 1992). 22-35% of women who visit emergency rooms are there for injuries related to ongoing abuse (Journal of American Medical Association, 1990).

Although more than one million women seek medical treatment each year for injuries caused by their husbands or partners, doctors correctly identify the injuries as resulting from battering only 4% of the time (E. Stark A. Literacy Essay? Flitcraft, Medical Therapy as Repression: The Case of the Battered Woman, 1982). 8. The picture drawn by these statistics is one in which there is typically some sort of emotional connection between the by ken, victim and the assailant. It thereby suggests that sexual assault is a much more complicated issue than can be confronted merely by whirligig, learning physical technique. Yet, in most cases, courses in self-defense for dryden, women focus almost exclusively on physical technique. The reality that women are usually assaulted by a known assailant means that self-defense skills for women should primarily include learning skills to spending, recognize and defend against essay lafleur dryden, assaults committed by a trusted friend, neighbor or intimate partner. In other words, classes should begin to research, account for the emotional and psychological dynamics of the common relationships between victim and perpetrator. Some martial artists teaching self-defense for women, even while acknowledging that assailants are typically not strangers, tend to ignore the essay on guy lafleur by ken dryden, relationships and emotional dynamics that exist between victim and perpetrator. Second, in scientific, order to lafleur by ken dryden, be most effective, self-defense classes for women should promote a woman's self-worth and brockovich class, self-esteem.

9. Most forms of oppression have a corresponding form of violence. For women, that violence has historically been manifested as rape. Patriarchal culture defines women as second-class, having less value than men. Essay Lafleur By Ken? Sexual assault and rape have been an accepted part of our culture for write, centuries. Essay On Guy By Ken? For example, the Bible endorses the rape of haughty women in the following passage found in the book of Isaiah: Moreover the LORD saith, Because the write deconstruction, daughters of Zion are haughty, and walk with stretched forth necks and wonton eyes, walking and mincing as they to, and making a tinkling with their feet: Therefore the Lord will smite with a scab the crown of the head of the daughters of Zion and the LORD will discover their secret parts. Essay On Guy Lafleur Dryden? 10. During the whirligig by paul essay, middle ages sexual property rights reduced women to chattel. The 'droit du seigneur,' the right of the first night, gave each medieval lord the right to take first sexual access to any female serf who married on his land holdings.

11 These laws made raping new brides legal during the middle ages. Our own legal system still favors the perpetrator in many instances. One of the most telling examples of our culture's tolerance of sexual assault was the episode of attacks in Central Park, New York City, during and after the annual Puerto Rican Day Parade in June of 2000. The fact that there was, and still is, question about who was to blame and whether or not the victims brought it on themselves reminds us too well that sexual assault is still condoned by our culture and its institutions. As Tavris points out in The Mismeasure of on guy lafleur by ken dryden Women : The law expects a raped woman, like a battered wife, to behave like a man when threatened: to try and defend herself even at the risk of death. The law demands that a woman behave like a reasonable man and fight back. It does not demand that a man behave like a reasonable woman and understand the difference between consent and coercion, between the words yes and no. 12. Even as effective as violence committed against international, women, is the form of oppressive violence by which women learn to devalue themselves.

Patriarchal culture defines the female role as one of passivity, gentleness, weakness, compliance, concern for essay on guy by ken, others, and dependency. Women are socialized through every institution to live up to these roles which make them vulnerable. Write? Tavris illustrates: The person who has these problems is familiar, all right; she is… the stereotypic woman. The qualities of the on guy lafleur, codependent person are most of the hallmarks of the female role, writ large. They represent a blueprint of the obligations a good woman is taught to value and spending time, enjoy, the most basic of which is essay on guy lafleur, caring for others. They consist of expectations for proper female behavior that form the basis of most women's self-esteem. 13. In a male-dominated society, women are not encouraged to value their own unique qualities.

Instead we are defined as good or bad according to male norms and standards. Of course, the essay, habit of seeing women's behavior as something to on guy by ken, be explained in relation to the male norm makes sense in a world that takes the male norm for granted. 14 These norms divide women into good and time, bad. So it becomes an accepted idea that only bad women are assaulted. Not only is this an outright example of victim-blaming, but it also makes women feel that they are somehow to blame for being assaulted because they are bad. It should be recognized that some behaviors are riskier than others, but assault is assault no matter where a woman is or what she was doing at the time of her attack. 15 Socialization happens in by ken dryden, many ways, but the end result of this kind of socialization usually includes feelings of low self-worth in women. For women, low self-worth often includes self-blame and self-hatred. In order to whirligig fleischman, defend the self, a woman must perceive herself as having value over and beyond that of an attacker. This notion goes against the very grain of dryden women's role in society.

Women's other orientation leaves them vulnerable because it devalues them and leaves them with feelings of low self-esteem and low self-worth. Women must first feel entitled to be safe and respected. This is essay deconstruction, a pre-requisite for effective self-defense. According to Bart in Stopping Rape: It will be recalled that one of the factors that is associated with rape avoidance is a feeling of essay on guy dryden anger by the woman that anyone would try to rape her, to intrude on her space as a person. Thus anything that enhances a woman's self-esteem so that she believes she is worth defending and that no one has the right to attack her should be associated with rape avoidance. Because there is some evidence that taking women's studies and self-defense courses has this effect, such courses should be available, and women should be encouraged to take them. 16. So self-worth and self-value are integral components of a woman's capacity to defend herself. Literacy Essay? Self-defense for lafleur by ken, women should include activities that promote and increase a woman's self-esteem and write, self-worth.

While overemphasizing physical technique is detrimental to women's self-defense, it is important to essay lafleur dryden, interject that learning physical technique should be an integral part of training. Leisure? A woman must believe that she is capable of defending herself. Learning physical technique is empowering, and is an invaluable tool for increasing women's self-esteem and essay, self-worth. Women are routinely discouraged from any sorts of aggressive behavior. As children we are denied opportunities to learn to use our bodies in ways which are self-protective. In Beauty Bites Beast, Ellen Snortland describes how it would be useful for girls to be raised more like puppies: A dog breeder would be considered insane if they separated puppies by sex, allowing only male puppies to play and learn adult survival techniques as they tumbled around hunting a ball. We would consider it absurd to essay international relations, train the females not to growl, roll around, get dirty, or fight back if attacked.

Notice how dogs behave when they're playing. Their play is a gentle form of fighting, veritable rehearsal for the real thing should the need ever arise. On Guy Lafleur By Ken Dryden? The female pups do not sit on the sidelines watching or cheering the males; they are just as actively entangled in the pile of fighting dogs. Literacy Essay? A bitch that never used her ability to protect herself wouldn't be good for her litter. 17. Next, effective programs should be based on what women already do, 18 and provide women with opportunities to practice their skills. Self-defense training programs against rape typically focus on teaching women physical defense skills. 19 By defining self-defense as primarily techniques of physical force, martial arts instructors have historically minimized the successful and creative actions women already use to defend themselves, often ignoring women's own strategies completely.

Anthologies like Her Wits About Her - Self-defense Success Stories by Women (editors Denise Caignon and Gail Groves) document an existing wealth of collective knowledge but are rarely considered a valuable women's self-defense resource by martial artists. Dryden? Tapping into the resources and skills women already use is an essential part of teaching successful defense strategies. Women have been successfully defending themselves for centuries using combinations of verbal and physical strategies. Women's collective experience is one of the most effective teaching resources available to instructors. As a group, women have been forced to become true masters of self-defense.

Experience is the write deconstruction, best teacher and women have a surplus of it. With proper training, development and essay on guy, research, instructors can begin to help women see that they already know, and often use, the most common and fleischman, effective forms of dryden self-defense. Brockovich? In Sexual Coercion - A Sourcebook on Its Nature, Grauerholz, and essay on guy lafleur dryden, Koralewski assert: Building on existing strengths, inclinations, and abilities requires that instructors and students acknowledge the scholarly, many ways in which women and children already resist sexual coercion and not narrowly define self-defense as physically stopping an attack. 20.

Provides Supportive Environment. Finally, in order to be effective, women's self-defense courses should create an environment of feedback and support. Many survivors of sexual assault feel isolated and ashamed. An environment of support, encouragement and community can help restore self-esteem and confidence. An [anonymous] woman described the importance of essay dryden this support to her: If you had said to me that within 24 hours I would be telling my story of essay relations incest and feeling comfortable with 14 total strangers, I would have thought you were crazy.

My class supported me emotionally more than any one person in my life. 21. As a self-defense instructor, I've had a remarkable number of women disclose information about their own experiences with assault. These reports have some significant common elements. None reported that a stranger had jumped them.

The most common scenarios I hear are about essay on guy lafleur cases of child molestation (usually incestuous), date rape and stories of domestic violence. Whirligig Fleischman Essay? Many of those who were raped reported that little, if any, physical force was involved. My own sexual assault story is one in which fear of disapproval put me at risk and the unspoken threat of violence was enough to compel compliance. As Telsey succinctly points out in her self-defense workbook: We may worry so much about the possibility of hurting someone else's feelings that we don't speak or act, even when the consequences of essay on guy by ken dryden that inaction can be serious.

At the same time, we may give the benefit of the doubt to the other person, frequently despite clear indications that they are disrespectful of write our needs or wishes or are downright dangerous. 22. On many occasions, I have had the good fortune to essay on guy lafleur by ken dryden, discuss this topic, in detail, with women who are professional rape crisis advocates. Advocacy workers are one of the best sources of knowledge about the kinds of assault women experience, as well as what kinds of writing self-defense strategies are most effective because they work with survivors on a regular basis. All of the information that has been reported to me confirms that, when assaulted, women are usually assaulted by men they know. They are usually very young women or girls and are assaulted by men who are significantly older than they are. Also, all those who successfully avoided being raped used a combination of both verbal and physical strategies. According to Bart: The fact that it is possible to avoid rape when attacked should be widely disseminated, particularly in the mass media. News magazines and television should report in detail instances of rape avoidance so women can learn what works.

Women should be told about how to maximize the probability of avoiding rape when attacked and about the effectiveness of multiple strategies. 23. Factors Resulting in the Combative Model. So, an effective self-defense program for women should include four key elements. It should be based on by ken dryden the kinds of assault women most experience. It should be developed to promote assertiveness, confidence and self-worth. Whirligig By Paul Fleischman Essay? The curriculum should emphasize the skills women already use and dryden, include activities to build new skills based on them. Finally, instructors should be able to provide a caring environment where women feel safe to train. 24 Courses based on stranger danger fail to meet these criteria and are problematic in at least two other important ways. First, they perpetuate the myths and legitimize false information. This only serves to class, frighten women needlessly.

But more important is that combative classes reinforce the notion that it is lafleur dryden, best to retaliate only when there is no doubt that a threat exists. They give permission only to fight back. In other words, it is whirligig by paul fleischman essay, only okay to fight when very clear cut lines are drawn and a victim is sure there is going to on guy lafleur by ken, be a physical confrontation, or after the physical assault has begun-too late to prevent it. Scientific? But sexual assault is overrun with ambiguity and by ken dryden, attempts by an assailant to confuse the victim. By focussing on scenarios with clear-cut lines of aggression, combative self-defense also serves to strengthen women's socially prescribed role as victim. International? These types of scenarios reject learning to rely on essay by ken one's own sense of endangerment. As Telsey states, Even though the world has been proven to be dangerous for us, we often demand of spending leisure ourselves that we be 100% right before taking an action that will ensure our safety. 25. Many assailants along the on guy, continuum employ tricks to gain access to us [the potential victim] and to move us to writing scholarly research papers, an isolated location. 26 Assailants use tricks and ploys in essay on guy lafleur, many different forms.

From an offer of help or apologies and essay international, reassurances to intimidation and put-downs, a sexual assailant both intentionally and unintentionally tries to manipulate his victim. The majority of assaults begin with conversation that is directed by an assailant. By Ken? This conversation is directed to essay, manipulate, coerce, and lafleur by ken, confuse the targeted victim. It should be noted that these conversations also involve non-violent physical behavior with the same intent.* Classes based on stranger assault present students with scenarios that have a clear cut beginning, middle and end. Essays Erin Brockovich Class? These scenarios take a student from essay on guy lafleur by ken point A (initial contact) to point C (verbal or physical confrontation) in a predictable pattern. The mock situations presented are overwhelmingly ones in which the assailants are strangers meeting their victims for the first times. Another factor is ignorance on the part of instructors. Some martial arts instructors are unaware of the statistics about violence against women. Essays Brockovich? They develop self-defense classes merely as an essay on guy lafleur dryden, extension, or added feature, of their physical skills and school curriculum without any further preparation or research.

These classes offer instruction only in physical techniques, sometimes with no mention of statistics. They usually offer no activities in boundary setting or verbal skills outside of papers stranger based scenarios. When they do offer verbal skill building activities, they most often construct exercises with the essay on guy, underlying presupposition of combative situations. The following description from the EZDefense program, developed by the National Association of Professional Martial Artists, reflects much of the same experiences I have had with many local martial arts studios offering women's self-defense courses. The EZDefense course curriculum, drills and activities are all stranger based, street scenarios in which a student meets up with an assailant woofer and practices a series of combative physical and verbal boundary setting drills and strikes against essay, him. For example the instructor-training manual details how to handle a timid student in the Portal of Safety Drill.

This student is leaning [referring to a photo] away and thus being too passive. The student must be made to realize that their body signalsthe predator and thus either encourages or discourages the on guy lafleur, assailant from whirligig continuing his aggressiveness. Essay By Ken? The student's body language either tells the aggressor I am afraid and a safe victim or stay back, this dog may bite. Here the student discourages the woofer by raising a hand up and shouting a clear verbal boundary such as Stop right there! However, the student still does not provoke the woofer through any type of threat or name-calling. 27. This drill, as do all the others in this program, assumes that the assailant is a stranger and begins his assault at a distance from the intended victim.

Most assailants (who are not strangers) have already achieved close proximity to their victims long before they become aggressive. Denial is also a contributing factor to stranger based self-defense courses. Many martial artists acknowledge and report about the relations, statistics and data but don't believe them. Essay By Ken Dryden? It is in many ways much easier to deny the reality of how sexual assaults happen, to whom they are happening, and who is essay relations, committing them. It's easier for both men and women. For women it's easier because disbelief enables them to believe, THAT wouldn't, won't, couldn't, EVER happen to me. Essay By Ken? For men it's easier to accept a psychotic demonized attacker who is unlike him. Telsey gives this example: [W]omen are blamed for assaults against them or for essay, staying in abusive situations; other women then participate in the blaming, partly in an effort to convince themselves that the assaults would not happen to them because they would not behave that way. Essay By Ken? 28.

For most martial artists, teaching physical technique is much easier. In practical terms, teaching physical technique is attractive because it is what martial artists are most familiar with. Martial artists don't need to do any extensive research or additional training to develop a self-defense course for women based on physical technique. Writing Research Papers? It should be noted that another compelling reason to create a combative course is marketability. Combative courses prey on dryden the fears women have.

These fears are based on the myths of stranger attacks generated by the media and our culture. Combative courses then provide (sell) a product, which addresses those fears. It seems in most cases, however, that well-intentioned martial artists simply do not know how to build a self-defense class for women that integrates this information. But, for whatever reason, many martial artists teaching self-defense for women do accept the myths of stranger attacks and literacy, construct courses around them. Even those that report about statistics of known assailants offer little in terms of building skills that women need to confront the reality of violence against them. The skills and essay on guy by ken, information necessary for relations, women to learn effective self-defense strategies are not being offered in essay on guy lafleur dryden, combative classes. Examination of Current Combative Class Models. In order to arrive at the best method for building a self-defense course for women, it is useful to look at some of the existing models. Women's self-defense courses can be found in papers, a variety of locations from community centers, high schools, martial arts studios and dryden, hunting clubs to elaborate permanent facilities which provide regular training camps. In all, there are three general types of unarmed self-defense courses aimed at essays brockovich, women.

They are padded attacker classes, martial arts programs and fitness oriented classes. On Guy Dryden? These range in time and financial commitments from time essay free one-hour seminars to several year courses costing hundreds of dollars. 29. Padded Attacker Classes. The padded attacker class was developed by Matt Thomas in 1971 to help train SWAT teams. Some of the more well-known padded-attacker classes include: IMPACT/Model Mugging, Rape Aggression Defense (RAD) and Rocky Mountain Combat Applications Training (RMCAT). All of these courses are characterized by students learning striking and on guy, verbal boundary setting skills in an established progression. Eventually students graduate to write, fight with a mock attacker dressed in multiple layers of padding designed to protect him/her from full contact strikes. Most (about 90%) of the curriculum of on guy by ken dryden these courses focuses on essay international relations learning physical technique.

Like all women's self-defense courses, they vary in essay on guy lafleur by ken dryden, time and financial commitment as well as philosophy and brockovich class, approach. Traditional Martial Arts. Many women interested in self-defense enter some sort of martial arts program. These programs vary widely in style, philosophy and approach. For the purposes of by ken this paper a discussion of martial art styles and their subsequent strengths and weaknesses in scholarly research, relationship to women's self defense would be an inordinate undertaking. However, a brief discussion of sexism in martial arts is warranted.

Women have been excluded from martial arts education either directly or indirectly for most of essay on guy its history. Exclusively female educational institutions have a long and proud tradition. Some research on women's colleges includes findings that these colleges encourage leadership skills in women, provide women with more female role models, and literacy, that they encourage women to focus on traditionally male-dominated fields of study. However, other research finds that factors such as the level of selectivity of the college may play a part in the institution's positive effects on students. Essay? 30 One of the responses to female exclusion and sexism in martial arts is the emergence of all-female schools and a general discussion among female martial artists about how to scientific literacy, deal with sexism in co-ed schools. Organizations like the National Women's Martial Arts Federation and schools like Brooklyn Women's Martial Arts and Valley Women's Martial Arts, Inc. offer women the essay on guy by ken, opportunity to train in an all female environment devoted exclusively to women's self-defense issues and physical attributes. According to Gelene Fontaine, an scientific literacy essay, instructor at Brooklyn Women's Martial Arts: A women's school has offered me as a student the opportunity to grow in essay, a supportive, feminist atmosphere.

I've taught self-defense to men and women together in other spaces and the men always try to dominate the forum, and the women always fade into the background. Essay? (This is essay lafleur dryden, still something that we deal with in scientific essay, our children's program which is co-ed-- and it can be hard.) It's really great to not have to deal with that dynamic. Having a women's training experience also facilitates dealing with survivor issues that come up on and off the floor. We are a lesbian-positive space as well. Our dojo was started by essay, women who are very political and community activism is spending time essay, still part of lafleur dryden training. Erin Class? 31. The martial arts fitness craze, spearheaded by essay on guy lafleur dryden, Billy Blanks' Tae Bo program, has created a new fad in women's self-defense classes. One of the most important features of leisure essay a cardio type class is that it draws a lot of women who would otherwise never enter a martial arts school or self-defense class. On Guy Lafleur Dryden? Cardio kickboxing classes offer instruction in basic martial arts skills. Many women feel empowered by these classes.

I've had several women begin in my CardioKick! class and then report that they have gained enough confidence from taking it, to move on to other self-defense programs. Typically aerobic kickboxing classes are run by spending, either aerobic instructors with no martial arts training, or by martial artists with no aerobics or fitness backgrounds. Recently, the National Association of Professional Martial Artists and other martial arts organizations have started their own group fitness kickboxing programs. On Guy? An instructor who possesses both martial arts and group fitness instructor skills is ideal for a cardio kickboxing type class. There are many other types of women's self-defense courses having no common thread other than that they are self-defense classes marketed exclusively to women. From one-hour seminars at a local high school or fitness club to various classes offered at martial arts studios, these classes and seminars are as diverse and unique in approach and content as the instructors who teach them. Examination of Current Multi-Strategy Models. The National Coalition Against Sexual Assault (NCASA) has developed some detailed and whirligig fleischman essay, well-considered guidelines for women choosing a self-defense course. On Guy By Ken Dryden? One criterion is: A good course covers critical thinking about defense strategies, assertiveness, powerful communication skills, and easy to remember physical techniques.

The instructor respects and responds to fleischman essay, your fears and concerns. Instruction is based on the belief that we can act competently, decisively, and take action for our own protection. On Guy? Essentially, a good course is based on intelligence and not muscle. Write? It offers tools for enabling a person to essay lafleur dryden, connect with her own strength and power. 32. Those instructors willing to teach effective self-defense for women have a huge task. They should acquire extensive information about sexual assault, women's socialization and the skills critical for working effectively with women and girls, especially survivors of whirligig fleischman sexual assault. Furthermore, responsible instructors should seek out opportunities to on guy lafleur dryden, connect with survivors. International? One of the best ways to learn about the essay lafleur by ken, dynamics of sexual assault is by listening to, and whirligig by paul, learning from, women who have experienced it. This requires no less effort or commitment than earning the equivalent of a black belt in women's self-defense. Along with research and education about sexual assault, one of the best ways to get fundamental information on violence against women is through training offered by rape crisis and domestic violence agencies.

This sort of free training is typically offered to essay by ken dryden, volunteers. Spending Time? Reading and learning about sexual assault should support all training. Instructors who are teaching without this information are much like doctors who would use medical information 20 years out of date. There are self-defense courses and essay on guy by ken, instructor certification that meet NCASA's criteria and take into whirligig by paul fleischman essay account current data on sexual assault. One example is the certification program offered by the National Women's Martial Arts Federation. These courses are based on the experiences women have had and lafleur dryden, the ways in essay deconstruction, which they successfully defend themselves. One other example is Self-Defense From the Inside Out (SDIO) headquartered in Eugene, Oregon. SDIO offers unique activities that teach skills to deal with the internalized attacker who can make resistance difficult. By directing attention to the ways in which women are trained (socialized) to essay lafleur dryden, be victims, SDIO helps women undo much of the social damage that makes them vulnerable.

SDIO founder Nadia Telsey talks about her own experience with the social barriers women face when learning self-defense: As I acquired more and more physical skills [as a martial artist], and confidence, I was struck by the persistent difficulty I had dealing with ambiguous situations which called for trusting my intuition. I gained the ability to deal with many of he more obvious harassments and even assaults. However, given any possibility that I might be wrong, hurt someone's feelings or be seen as rude, my old reactions (and inactions) surfaced. After years of training I still had to work ceaselessly to change parts of behavior which were not serving me well. 33.

Chimera is another organization that trains instructors to develop and teach courses based on brockovich class the real experiences of by ken women and the challenges they face in dealing with sexual assault. Chimera teaches a concept of self-defense which gives women the means to essays, defend themselves. Chimera provides women with mental strategies developed through practice, role playing, and discussion, as well as physical techniques. The Chimera style of self-defense was developed by essay lafleur by ken dryden, women who wanted effective skills that are easy to learn and remember and do not rely on international relations physical strength. A woman's most effective response to a situation may be psychological or physical, or contain elements of both. In Chimera training you will learn about factors that make women vulnerable (such as socialization to be polite, quiet, nice; body language, eye contact, etc.), as well as awareness and essay by ken dryden, assertiveness skills. Chimera students also learn how to block, kick, strike effectively, and to break holds. You will learn the warning signals of an impending attack and the typical rhythm, plans and tactics of an attacker. By Paul Essay? 34.

In order to construct and teach effectively, women's self-defense instructors should be trained in essay lafleur, four areas. They should have a solid knowledge about the reality of assaults against women and scholarly research, not teach based on essay on guy dryden the myth of stranger danger. Instructors should be able to leisure essay, develop and include activities designed to advance women's self-esteem and self worth instead of primarily focusing on physical techniques. They should focus on the skills women already use as a foundation for on guy by ken dryden, building and writing, expanding new skills. Finally, instructors should be trained to provide an essay on guy lafleur by ken dryden, environment of support and feedback. The primary target of a woman's body is time, her heart.

Like a sharpshooter, those who commit violence against women choose the most vulnerable area of their victims to attack. A woman's emotions and self-image are typically at the center of the essay lafleur, bull's eye. How successful a woman is at defending herself directly depends on her own sense of self worth. The success of most assaults against women is determined long before the physical act of rape. In fact, physical force or restraint is often unnecessary for an assailant to succeed.

Skills to protect the heart, mind and integrity surpass all others as the leisure essay, primary skills instructors need to focus on teaching. These skills are missing from conventional, combative women's self-defense classes. Instructors should teach, and students should be given the opportunity to learn, women's self-defense from the inside out.

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Guy LaFleur by Ken Dryden Essay …

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The document should use only one font style, for example Times New Roman. Use bold ( Bold ) or italics ( Italics ) to emphasise important words. Only underline section titles (or do not underline any words). If you make a list (for example, a list of your job achievements), consider using bullet points. Try to keep the CV on one side of essay lafleur by ken paper, or use two sides if you have a lot of relevant work experience or qualifications. Keep your sentences short and simple. A typical section order is:

There is an example CV shown below. When writing your name, always put your own name first and scholarly research your family name last (even if you write the family name first in essay on guy by ken dryden your own country). Include the full postcode in your address. Make sure that you will be able to leisure collect all mail sent to by ken this address (if you move, ask the owner to forward letters to you). If you have a mobile telephone, put this number on your CV, so that you can be contacted easily. If you use a voicemail service, it will be easier for callers to leave a message for you. If you do not have a mobile telephone, give the number of the telephone at your accommodation. The telephone number should start with the area code, written in brackets; for example, a London number should be written (020) xxxx xxxx. If the telephone has an answering machine, make sure that you check the whirligig essay, messages every day. If you are sharing someone else's telephone, ask that person's permission before using their number on your CV. Write your e-mail address next to your telephone number, and check your messages regularly.

Create two columns. Use the lafleur, left-hand column for dates. For start and essays brockovich class end dates, use either full years (eg 1998-2000) or the first three letters of the month followed by the last two digits of the year (eg Jun 98-Sep 00) In the on guy lafleur by ken, right-hand column, provide information about brockovich each of your job roles. Start by writing the name of the company (in bold) and essay on guy lafleur by ken its location. On the scientific essay, next line you might give a brief description of what the company does. You might give a title for your job (and perhaps a department name) on another line (highlighting this in bold italics) You should list your main responsibilities and achievements within each role (perhaps using bullet points) Give more detail for recent jobs. Make sure that you mention skills which may be useful in the job for on guy by ken which you are now applying. If possible, avoid any date gaps unless they are covered within the Education section.

Don't mention how much you were paid. When describing your achievements, use positive action verbs (for example: achieved, arranged, assisted, co-ordinated, completed, dealt with, developed, established, expanded, handled, helped, implemented, improved, increased, interviewed, introduced, maintained, managed, negotiated, organised, planned, processed, programmed, proposed, promoted, purchased, redesigned, reduced, reorganised, revised, sold, solved, streamlined, supervised, trained, translated, worked, wrote). You should not use the word I on your CV; this is understood. For example, you might write Increased sales at essay the shop, but not I increased sales at the shop. Remember that the essay on guy, person reading your CV may not be familiar with the education system in your country.

Create two columns. Use the left-hand column for leisure essay the dates. For start and end dates, use either full years (eg 1998-2000) or the first three letters of the month followed by the last two digits of the dryden, year (eg Jun 98-Sep 00) In the essay, right-hand column, list the name of the school or university on one line, followed by further details (the course name or the number of exam subjects passed) on the next line. List formal educational qualifications only in essay by ken this table (eg university and secondary school, but not a language school or part-time courses), stating the most recent (and highest level) qualifications first. If you have been to a post-graduate school or college, put the name of relations this after a label such as Post-graduate studies: so that the level is clear. If you have been to a university, use the essay by ken, word University in spending leisure time essay the name, or put a label such as University: before the name so that the level is clear.

If the university is one of the top universities in your country, state this fact (the interviewer may not know it). State the name of the town and country after the university's name. In the description, put the name of the lafleur by ken, main subject studied (try to avoid using the research, words major or minor, which are used in American English). If you studied English, the subject should perhaps be described as English language and literature, not just English literature. Avoid mentioning grades unless they are particularly good; if you do mention grades, make sure that they are clear (e.g. 80%, or top grade) - the essay by ken, British university grade system is probably different from that in your country. You should list any schools you have attended between the ages of about 15 and 18, but not before this age. Leisure Time! You should add the label Secondary school: before the essay on guy dryden, name of the school, or include the words High School in the name. Spending Leisure Time Essay! If you took exams in a wide range of subjects, you may prefer to list only the number of lafleur subjects passed instead of the subject names, or if you have been to university you may choose not to scientific literacy list any secondary school qualifications. If you are studying in the UK, you may want to include details of this course. If so, write this in a line under the main table.

For example, you could write Currently studying English at ABC school, London (since January 2001). If you have other skills or qualifications which you believe may be relevant, you can list these. English exams which you have passed (eg Passed Cambridge First Certificate of English). Computer skills (eg Good knowledge of standard office software, including e-mail and the internet) Typing speed (only mention this if you are applying for data entry or secretarial jobs) An international driving licence (only mention this if you may need to drive for the job) Create two columns; use the left-hand column for labels and essay lafleur the right-hand column for writing scholarly research papers information. The exact list of essay on guy by ken personal details you want to give may depend on your circumstances and what the write, job requires, but the list below will give you a guide. Write Date of birth:, followed by the day you were born in the second column, eg 3 Feb 1980. Lafleur By Ken! Note that the date should be written in British date order (day, month, year), not in American date order (month, day, year). Write Nationality:, followed by your nationality eg Japanese.

You may want to brockovich write Gender:, followed by Male or Female, if this is not obvious to a British person from your name. Whether you are a man or a woman may be relevant for some jobs. Write Work status:, followed by a description of the status implied by the stamp in lafleur dryden your passport, for example, Student visa or EC citizen (no work permit required). Write Interests: followed by a short list of perhaps 3 or 4 main hobbies or interests. As you have come to the UK to study, you can probably include interests such as travel, learning languages, or international cultures. Essays! Don't list anything which you wouldn't be happy to discuss at an interview. Include interests which may show the interviewer that you have good social or team-working skills, that show your dedication / enthusiasm / success, or that highlight additional skills that may be useful in on guy lafleur by ken the job (for example, computer or language skills). If you think it is necessary, write References:, followed by Available on erin brockovich class request. You should only provide references if your employer asks for them. Essay On Guy Lafleur By Ken Dryden! If you do need to spending leisure essay give a reference, make sure that you have asked the person beforehand. Possible referees include a teacher or previous employer.

It may complicate your application if you give the dryden, name of a referee who lives abroad; if you want to do this, make sure that the person will be able to provide comments in English, and give an e-mail address so that delays can be minimised. 52 Orchard Street, London W2 3BT. Telephone: 020-7654 3210; Mobile: 07960 999999; E-mail: · Advised the main shop's customers about organic and health foods. · Developed new business in spending leisure essay smaller satellite stores, explaining the benefits of supplements and organic food to potential new customers. · Increased sales at essay lafleur by ken both the main and the satellite shops. The extra profits were used to spending essay expand the essay on guy lafleur, business by scientific literacy establishing a new shop. · Examined incoming mail and redirected this to essay the appropriate division.

· Translated foreign letters (written in English) into Japanese. · Dealt with customs enquiries and procedures. Computer literate: good knowledge of spending time Word and Excel, as well as e-mail and on guy by ken dryden the internet. Fluent in essay relations Japanese; practical knowledge of English and Korean. If you are sending an on guy application directly to a potential employer, you should write a one-page letter to essay accompany your CV (a covering letter).

The covering letter may either be typed (better if you are applying to a large company) or written neatly by hand (better if you believe that a typed letter may appear too formal). There is an example covering letter shown below. State what type of lafleur dryden visa you have, so that the potential employer knows that you will be able to work legally. You may want to mention the level of your English ability. Explain in your letter how you can be contacted. Scientific! If you are about to essay lafleur by ken dryden change your accommodation, you should ask to write deconstruction be contacted either on your mobile telephone or by e-mail.

If you give the on guy lafleur, telephone number of literacy your host family, you should ask them for their permission first, and essay on guy dryden you should check if they have an answering machine. EXAMPLE COVERING LETTER. Re: Job as a part-time sales assistant (reference: JBW5014) I would like to erin class apply for the job of a part-time sales assistant in the food section of Fortnum Mason's in Piccadilly, as advertised in on guy Loot Recruit on 2 August. Please find attached a copy of my CV. My previous jobs include two years as a sales assistant in an organic food shop in Japan.

This has given me experience of dealing with customers, as well as cashier skills and a basic knowledge of scholarly food retailing. On Guy Lafleur Dryden! I have been living in London since last September, and am currently studying English at a language school. Essay! I have good English communication skills (recently I passed the Cambridge First Certificate in English exam). My fluency in Japanese may be useful when dealing with your Japanese customers. On Guy By Ken! I am an enthusiastic worker, and enjoy working in a team. My student visa entitles me to work up to 20 hours per week (or longer during my school holidays), and class I could start work immediately. I would welcome the opportunity to discuss the job vacancy with you on essay on guy the telephone or at an interview.

I can be contacted most easily on my mobile telephone or by e-mail (see details at brockovich class the top of this letter). SENDING YOUR APPLICATION. Check your CV and covering letter carefully before you send them. Use the spell-checker on the computer (set the language to British English rather than American English). Ask a native English speaker to check what you have written, and ask this person for any comments they may have. If sending your application by post, send it by by ken first class rather than by second class (it shows that you care about essays class getting the on guy dryden, job). If you send an application by e-mail, telephone to make sure that it has arrived, or send an application in research papers the post as well. Alternatively, you may wish to hand in your application personally; if so, use this opportunity to on guy dryden find out literacy essay more about the by ken dryden, company and essay international ask when you can expect to hear from them. If you have not heard from the company two weeks after you sent your application (or before the closing date for on guy lafleur by ken dryden applications, if there is one), telephone the company to check that your job application has been received and that there haven't been any problems contacting you. It is often the case that people are invited for writing scholarly papers an interview for only a small number of the jobs to essay which they apply.

Try not to feel depressed if it takes a long time to get a job. If you are rejected by international a company, ask them to give you some comments, so that you can improve the quality of your later applications. Prepare for a job interview: Work/Interview. Improve your English writing skills: English/Writing.